A WEC-IMC input for
Energy for mega cities
(A WEC Study)
WEC’s Energy for Mega Cities Study
Delhi case study
Demographics, Economics and City Shape Delhi is located in northern India between the latitudes of 28°-24’-17"and 28°-53’-00"North and longitudes of 76°-50’-24"and 77°-20’-37"East. Delhi shares its border with the States of Uttar Pradesh and Haryana. Delhi has an area of 1483 sq km, out of which urban area is 925 sq km. Its maximum length is 51.90 km and greatest width is 48.48 km. Mythologically, the city of Delhi belongs to the period of the Mahabharata 1 . It is said to be built on the site of the epic Indraprastha, where the legendary palace and court of the Pandavas 2 were located. Going by history alone, Delhi became historically important for the first time in the 11th century as a city of the Rajputs (A warrior clan from central India). Over the years Delhi became the site of seven cities 3 , most of them belonging to the more recent Muslim period of Indian history. Delhi was a small town in the beginning of twentieth century with a population of 0.4 million. Delhi’s population started increasing after it became the capital of British India in 1911. During the Partition of the country in 1947, a large number of people migrated from Pakistan and settled in Delhi. Migration into the city continued even after Partition. As per 2001 Census, NCT of Delhi (National Capital Territory of Delhi as it is known now for administrative records) had a total population of 13.8 million with 3.85% annual growth rate and 47.02% decennial growth rate during 1991-2001. Delhi's population in 2007-08 was 16.9 million. Delhi is highly urbanized with 93.18% of its population living in urban areas as against the national average of 27.81%. While it may not be possible to make an accurate forecast, the expectation is that the population of Delhi may range between 22 to 23 million in the year 2021. According to Census 2001, the density of population is worked out at 9340 persons per sq km as against 6352 person in 1991. Density of population at All-India level has been worked out at 324 persons per sq km in 2001. The density of population in Delhi is the highest among all States/Union Territories in the country. Planning for the city is taken up on National Capital Region (NCR) Basis 4 . The National Capital Region (NCR) comprises of a total area of 33,578 sq. km. including areas of Delhi (1483 sq. km), Haryana (13,413 sq. km), Uttar Pradesh (10,853 sq. km) and Rajasthan (7829 sq. km). There has been an increase in natural growth from 55.80% in 1981 to 59.21% in 1991 and 60.18% in 2001 and decrease in the net migrants from 44.20% in 1981 to 40.78% in 1991 and 39.82% in 2001. However, a reduction in the rate of natural growth and increase in migration between 2001and 2021 is envisaged. Table-1 gives the population projections for Delhi and NCR up to 2021.
The Mahabharata is one of the world’s most well known Sanskrit epics and is recognised as the longest epic-poem ever written, set somewhere around 2500 BC 2 The story of the Mahabharata revolves around two families, the Pandavas and the Kauravas who were cousins. 3 The rulers of Delhi established new cities through the centuries. Seven principal cities were chiefly created by different rulers. 4
The concept of NCR is described later under multilevel governance
Delhi Case Study – Draft dt. 22 April 2010 : page 1
Table 1 : Population projections of NCR and Sub-regions (in million) Year 2001 2011 2021 NCR Total 37.10 48.62 64.14 NCT- Delhi Population 13.85 17.99 23.49 % to total 37.33 37.00 36.62 Haryana Population 8.69 11.76 16.02 % to total 23.42 24.18 24.97 Rajasthan Population 2.99 3.79 4.81 % to total 8.06 7.80 7.49 Uttar Pradesh Population 11.57 15.08 19.83 % to total 31.19 31.02 30.92
Source: Census 2001, Census of India and Study Group Report on Policy zone, demography and settlement pattern; page 26, Table 4.12, Regional...