South University Online
December 10, 2012
Abortion is one of the most controversial and debated topics of this day. Abortions; the practice of removing a fertilized egg from a mother has become a highly debated issue in American culture. The reason for this is whether or not the induced expulsion of the fetus is considered murder or whether or not it is up to the mother and her interests. People that are pro life suggest that all life is considered innocent and deserves a chance at life, and it is not up to the mother whether or not she wants to keep the baby. With the altering moral standards of society, abortions are becoming ever more justified. I believe abortions should be accepted because of the numerous health risks a mother endures, religion is not a foundation for law, government should not oversee medical procedures, and lastly a pregnancy can lead to poverty. Abortion began in the late nineteenth century when Connecticut found it necessary to ban contraception for women to use. It did not ban the sale or the manufacture but it did ban the use of contraception. According to Meister, “Over the past twenty five years since the Roe decision, the Court has clearly chipped away at Justice Blackmun's open framework of the Roe case. Maher v. Roe 432 U.S. 464 (1977) was brought before the Court as a challenge to Connecticut's limitation of state Medicaid funding to medically necessary abortions and refusal to fund "elective" abortions. However, the court held that the law is constitutional. It declared, the state need not fund a woman's exercise of her right to choose abortion even though it pays the costs of childbirth.”(Meister 2012). The court ruled in favor the right to privacy under the due process clause of the 14th amendment. This extended the decision for a woman to decide whether or not she wants to have an abortion. This law contains two restrictions; protecting the life of the fetus, and protecting the health of the mother. The court later rejected the restriction of the fetus’s trimester and has the right to abortion until the fetus can leave without the uterus. The Roa part states that the woman can have an abortion up to seven months. In not allowing these laws today, this is what the debate between the different states continue to have. The fact that the court was unable to decide when the fetus becomes a child is the reason we are still having this problem today. This law has been challenged several times and still there is no solution. Activists believe that God should choose the fetus’s life and death and it is not the mother’s decision. People that are “pro choice” often argue the fact that the ninth amendment, which contains the freedom of choice, is very important to them. Many people argue that mothers use abortion as some sort of “contraception” instead of being responsible and taking the precautions to avoid getting pregnant. I am for abortion, but only if the fetus is not living and does not contain a heart beat. After the eighth week the fetus can kick and is developing fingers and toes and once it has reached that point I do not agree with an abortion. The United States is all about freedom of privacy, and being able to do what you want to do to a certain extent, as long as it is within our laws. This is tied into the 14th amendment. In that being the case, our country has developed several parties. Conservatives, believe that from conception the fetus automatically has the right to life. They argue the point about development stages because they believe that there is continuity in the development of a human being. “The conservative party believes that the fetus has absolute right to life at conception.”(Hiller 2003). The liberals argue the counter argument. They believe that until birth, the fetus has no moral status and lacks the right to life. Liberals do believe that if there is a family that would like...