Marco A. Caban
PHI 103 Informal Logic
Submitted to Prof. Galen Johnson
December 17, 2012
Abortion Controversy: Should Abortion Be Legal?
Many will argue whether or not abortion it right or wrong, moral or immoral, ethical or not, but one thing that everyone can agree on is that abortion is a very complex issue with very little common ground that keeps many people divided. The topic of abortion is a subject that many different groups have vested a great deal of time and effort to have their views known in society. The two biggest groups are the pro-choice and pro-life followers, which have been struggling to prove who is right and who is wrong for many years. I believe that abortion is a complex issue and that pro-choice and pro-life both have some reasonable arguments to support their views. When approaching the topic of abortion one must be willing to look at the topic with a open mind because everyone will naturally favor one side over the other because of human nature but everyone must realize that both sides of the debate have great reasons on why they are right. "Abortion debate is not about 'facts,' but about how to weigh, measure, and assess facts" (Luker, 1984. p. 5). One must make a decision for themselves based on the facts presented. I "as a practicing Catholic" do believe that abortion is morally and ethically wrong but as a American I do respect the laws of the government yet not everyone will agree with my views on the topic. This is why I believe that abortion is a controversial issue affecting our society, it may be legal but it is ethically and morally wrong and based on that I believe that the act of aborting a potential life should be illegal.
The history of modern day abortions can be dated back to the 19th century in both Europe and in the Americas. Luker (1984) writes that in the United States and Europe saw great medical advances in the fields of general surgery, sterilization, sanitation and anesthesia. Doctors noted that the most common form of abortion practiced was to flush inside of the uterus with sterile water. Luker (1984) also states that this was the safer method to perform an abortion. During this time doctors also noted the side effects that the procedure had on women both physically and psychologically. It was these doctors as part of the American Medical Association that lobbied for the ban on abortion in the United States. Similarly in Europe, the United Kingdom passed the Offences Against the Person Act of 1861. These laws banned the practice of abortion both in the United States and in the United Kingdom and made it punishable under the law. Yet these laws were to have little effect on the middle and upper class as they had the financial means to still obtain an abortion. Doctors realized that what they were doing may have been in the best interest of the women's body and mind but left poor women with no means to have an abortion and led to these women to obtain abortions by a more dangerous mean that could have lead to serious injury or even death.
Pro-life organizations will argue that some women use abortion as a form of birth control to terminate unwanted pregnancies and these women feel that there is no repercussion to these actions. Some will believe that some will use abortion as to decide the sex of the baby and if the desired result is not obtained they will abort the fetus. Bachiochi (2004) states that women who have had an abortion have an increased risk of depression and suicide, that the risk of death from suicide is six times higher when compared with women who have given birth. The pro-life movement has made many movements in the fight against abortion and has the backing of religious organizations. One example of this is explored by Byrnes and Seegers (1995) who present the trial of Webster v. Reproductive Health Services where the Catholic Church was influential on the state level on the topic of...