Planned Parenthood vs. Casey
Abortion has always been a very controversial topic since it’s legalization in states like Colorado, California, and North Carolina in the late 1960s, and since the Supreme Court case “Roe v. Wade” came to a decision to allow it. From then on, the number of abortionists have rapidly increased to fulfill the abortion demands of the country, mainly because the 1960s was a time period with sexual revolutions and feminist movements. Sexual intercourse became more socially acceptable outside the strict boundaries of heterosexual marriage. Because of this social change, and the introduction of contraceptives such as the birth control pill, out-of-wedlock births, sexually transmitted diseases, teen pregnancy, and divorce have all risen considerably.
Roe v. Wade was a case regarding a state law in Texas that banned abortions except to save the life of the mother. At the time, most states severely restricted or banned abortion. A challenge to these restrictions arose by two Texan attorneys who brought up a lawsuit for Norma L. McCorvey (“Jane Roe”), a pregnant woman. They claimed the Texas law against abortion violated Roe’s constitutional rights. Roe claimed that although her life wasn’t in danger, she could not travel to a state where abortion was legal to undergo the process. The lawsuit was filed against Henry Wade, a Dallas County District Attorney, who appealed to the US Supreme Court. In a 7-2 decision, the court ruled that the Texas law violated Jane Roe’s constitutional right to privacy. The Constitution’s first, fourth, ninth, and fourteenth amendments protect an individual’s zone of privacy against state laws. Marriage, contraception, and raising children are in this zone of privacy, which is broad enough to allow a woman to decide whether or not to terminate her pregnancy. Such pregnancies can include many physical, psychological, and economic stresses which a woman may prefer to avoid over delivering the baby. And thus,...
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