Abortion: the Horrible Killing of Innocent Children

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RUNNING HEAD: Abortion: The Horrible Killing of Innocent Children

Abortion: The Horrible Killing of Innocent Children

Naomi Kilpatrick

Northwestern State University

Abortion: The Horrible Killing of Innocent Children

"When a bystander can see a fetus flinching at the moment of intentional killing, there is no to close to infanticide about it, it is infanticide."(Williams 2002). Abortion has been a controversial issue, ever since it was first legalized. This paper will explore the different viewpoints of abortion, how abortion is performed, what makes it wrong, and the options a woman has other than abortion.

The definition of abortion is when a pregnancy is ended before the time of birth. The definition of miscarriage is when the fetus is aborted naturally. Induced abortion occurs, when deliberate steps are taken to the end of the pregnancy. Medical abortion, which ends the pregnancy with drugs, and surgical abortion, which empties the uterus with instruments, are the two types of induced abortions (Durrett 2000).

Medical abortion can be used to end a pregnancy in the first seven weeks of the pregnancy. Methotrexate or Milfepristone are the two drugs that can be used to induce a medical abortion. A methotrexate injection stops the division of fetal cells and the growth of the embryo. Mifepristone (RU-486) the abortion pill blocks the hormone progesterone that is necessary for the pregnancy to continue. After either drug takes effect, the pregnancy ends. Then Misoprostol is inserted into the vagina, causing the uterus to contract and expel the pregnancy. This occurs a few days after the administration of the drug. This process can take anywhere from three days to four weeks (Durrett 2000). Surgical abortion can be preformed during all three trimesters of pregnancy. Suction aspiration is the most common method of ending pregnancy in the first trimester The cervix is numbed with local anesthetic. The cervix opening is then dilated, allowing for the insertion of a tube attached to a suction machine. The suction then pulls the contents of the uterus through the tube into a collection bottle. A curette, which is a spoon shaped instrument, is used to remove any remaining tissue from the uterus. The woman then bleeds as if she is on her menstrual cycle (Durrett 2000).

Second trimester abortion makes up for about ten percent of all abortions performed in the United States. In order for this type of abortion to occur, the uterus must be further enlarged, and suction will not completely empty the uterus, so surgical forceps must be used to remove the fetus. Any tissue remaining is scraped with a curette .This procedure takes ten to thirty minutes, and the woman is under general anesthia. Another method that can be used later in the second trimester is the induction or instillation method. This is done in a hospital, under local anesthia. The physician injects prostaglandin, urea, or saline solution directly into the uterus through the Abdomen. The fetus dies, and the uterus contracts within a few hours and the fetus is expelled some time later. Abortion is rare after the twenty-third week of pregnancy (Durrett 2000).

Abortion is a highly controversial issue. There are two stances on abortion. Pro choice supporters believe it is the woman's right, because it is her body, and reject the idea that the fertilized egg, embryo, and fetus have the same stance as a child. Pro life supporter believe that abortion is murder, and human life begins at conception when the egg and sperm unite. Therefore the fetus, fertilized egg, and embryo has the same stance and right as a child (Durrett 2000).

D and X abortions produce the most controversy. D and X means dilation and extraction, also known as partial birth abortion. D and X is usually performed on women, who are between twenty and twenty four weeks pregnant. The physician delivers all but the head of the fetus from the uterus. The doctor then cuts a...
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