Parent Alert System (Pas) Via Sms

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Prepared by:
Abdulhafid Bughari Abdulkarim (804188) Supervised by:
Dr. Ariffin bin Abdul Mutalib

1.1.Problem Statement5
1.2.Objectives of the Study5
1.3.Scope and Limitation of the Study6
1.4.Significance of the study6
2.Literature Review7
2.3 SMS Application7
2.4 Mobile Application8
2.5 Web Mobile Application8
3.1 The General Methodology of Research Design10
3.2 Design Research Methodology11
Figure2. The General Methodology of Design Research.12
3.2.1 Awareness of Problem12
3.2.2 Suggestion12
3.2.3 Development13
3.2.4 Evaluation13
3.2.5 Conclusion13
4.Expected Output13

1. Introduction

The wireless technology is the most interesting technology in the ICT industry today, where there is much innovation and research. As technology has been developed through time, advances in telecommunication and computer hardware knowledge have led to the emergence of mobile computing (Chipangura et al., 2006). Mobile computing provides instant deployment of service over a large geographical area and offers every user many services. Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) play a significant role in enhancing developing countries (Pade et al., 2006). As a convenient and low-cost mobile communication technology, Short Messaging Service (SMS) is experiencing very rapid growth. It is reported that 700 million mobile phone users worldwide sent 20 to 30 billion SMS messages every month in 2001. At the same time, SMS applications have emerged to provide mobile users consumer oriented services (Xu et al., 2002). It is also can facilitate communication and the transformation of information from business to business, business to customers, employers to employees in more added value services (Nor Shahriza et al., 2006)

Collected data on elementary and secondary schools' rates of daily student attendance and chronic absenteeism and on specific partnership practices that schools implemented to help increase or sustain student attendance. Results suggest that schools interested in improving or maintaining good attendance can benefit from taking a comprehensive approach which includes students, educators, parents, and community partners (Epstein & Sheldon, 2002). Researchers and policy makers have questioned the efficacy of family-involvement interventions. They believe that more studies are needed to compare outcomes of students whose families received a partnership intervention with those who did not. Sheldon & Steven (2007) used data from the state of Ohio to compare student attendance in elementary schools that developed school-wide programs of school, family, and community partnerships with the attendance of students in schools that did not develop the programs. Analyses showed that in schools working to implement school, family, and community partnerships, student attendance improved an average of 0.5%, whereas in comparison schools, rates of student attendance declined slightly from 1 year to the next. Further analysis suggested that school outreach to families was the driving mechanism that caused this effect The crime rate for adults has decreased in recent years; the teenage crime rate has grown alarmingly. The homicide rate among 18 to 24 years old increased 65% and the rate for 14 to 17 year-old increased 165%." (Witmer, 2009). It is estimated that at least 4.5 million U.S. adolescents are cigarette smokers; approximately 90 percent of smokers begin smoking before the age of 21. The overall prevalence of current cigarette use was 28 percent. Nearly 20 percent of 12th graders, 12 percent of 10th graders and 5.5 percent of 8th graders smoke cigarettes daily (National Survey Of High School Students, 2009).Children who have...
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