June 13, 2011
What is Organizational Psychology?
Organizational, psychology involves the application of facts and principles associated with the psychological aspect of workers in an organization as a way of solving problems that affect the performance of the workers. Over the years, organizational psychologists have developed a close link between the working environment, the performance and job satisfaction of the employees such that productivity of employees is often dependent on the how they are treated by their supervisors. Areas closely related to organizational psychology include personality in addition to cognitive psychology. Qualitative and quantitative research methods are used to collect database on organizational psychology such as effect of certain motivators as well as changes in organizational structure on the general output of employees. Definition of organizational psychology
According to Jex and Britt (2008), organizational psychology is “the scientific study of individual and group behavior in formal organizational settings.” Guido (1965) provided an extensive definition asserting organizational psychology was “the scientific study of the relationship between man and the world of work: The adjustment people make to the places they go, the people they meet, and the things they do in the process of making a living.” The evolution of the field of organizational psychology
Organizational psychology has been in existence since the early 1960s when a move to establish a closer look into group and organizational phenomena of the industry was initiated. At that time, organizational psychology was mainly involved in sole individuals rather than the entire workforce in each organization (Anderson, 2005). According to research that was carried out in the early stages of establishment, most employers trained their employees to believe that...