Organizational Concepts

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Organizational Concepts

By | October 2006
Page 1 of 32
Organizational Concepts

Table of Contents
1.Chapter 1: Organizational Planning4
1.2.Introduction:4
1.3.Defining Planning4
1.4.Recognizing the Advantages of Planning5
1.5.Using Plans to Achieve Goals5
1.6.Criteria for effective goals6
1.7.Coordination of goals6
1.8.Detailing Types of Plans7
1.9.Operational plans7
1.9.1.Tactical plans8
1.9.2.Strategic plans8
1.9.3.Contingency plans9
1.10.Identifying Barriers to Planning9
2.Chapter 2 – Creating Organizational Structure11
2.1.Introduction:11
2.2.The Relationship between Planning and Organizing11
2.3.The Organizational Process12
2.4.Concepts of Organizing13
2.5.Work specialization13
2.6.Chain of Command13
2.7.Authority14
2.8.Delegation15
2.9.Span of control17
2.10.Centralization versus decentralization18
2.11.The Informal Organization19
3.Chapter 3 – Organizational Design and Structure21
3.1.Introduction:21
3.2.Organizational Design Defined21
3.3.Bureaucracy Basics21
3.4.The mechanistic structure22
3.5.The organic structure23
3.6.Factors Affecting Organizational Design23
3.7.Organizational size23
3.8.Organization Life Cycle24
3.9.Strategy24
3.10.Environment25
3.11.Technology25
3.12.Five Approaches to Organizational Design26
3.12.1.Functional Structure26
3.12.2.Divisional Structure27
3.12.3..Matrix structure28
3.12.4.Team structure30
3.12.5.Network Structure31
4.References:32

1.Chapter 1: Organizational Planning
1.2.Introduction:
This chapter will discuss the following topics:
•Recognizing planning as an essential management function
•Identifying different types of plans designed to meet organizational goals •Determining and overcoming barriers to planning

Of the five management functions — planning, organizing, staffing, leading and controlling — planning is the most fundamental. All other functions stem from planning. However, planning doesn't always get the...

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