Organisational Analysis

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Introduction

This essay argues and presents an insight into different aspects and styles of leadership. In this essay, we will be discussing in detail about “Transformational Leadership”, which i feel was the style of leadership which Dwight D. Eisenhower followed. I totally agree with the quotes, as “Leadership is a process by which an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal” (Northhouse, 2001). Dwight D. Eisenhower had a vision/ common goal to reduce the strains caused due to the cold war. In 1953, he signed a truce with South Korea which incidentally was the first year of his presidential tenure. Prior to taking the seat as the 34th President of United States of America, Eisenhower decided to remove the stains caused and charted plans much in advance to improve relations with South Korea and other European Countries. He is remembered for his role in ending the Korean War (Whitehouse.gov). This move by Eisenhower transformed the mindset of the political and military leaders of his time, as wars came to a close and peace and sanity prevailed. According to (Northhouse, 2001) leadership can be conceptualized from a personality perspective. Leadership is nothing but a combination of special traits and characteristics which certain individuals posses. These distinct traits/ characteristics enable leaders to influence and induce their followers to accomplish the goal. In this case and with respect to the quotes mentioned by Eisenhower, he had the power (34th President of United States) to effect change in others by leading the way. This can also be compared to the power relationships that exist between the leaders and his/her followers. Eisenhower’s Presidential Library and Museum suggests that his Eight years of leadership (1953-1961) was often referred to as eight years of peace and prosperity, this is the transformation that had been bought by his leadership. Eisenhower was seen as a change agent, as many new policies and administrative reforms were made under his leadership. For example, some of these policies which were introduced / modified were Unifying America, Global Diplomacy, Atoms for Peace and War, the Military-Industrial Complex, and the Establishment of NASA and the Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA). ARPA led the research which resulted in the creation of the Internet (Eisenhower: “Agent of Change” Exhibit, June 20 2011).According to (Bass, 2006) transformational leaders are one who recognizes the needs in potential followers, “but tends to go further seeking to arouse and satisfy higher needs”. He also states that transformational leaders create learning opportunities, stimulate their followers to solve problems. According to (Bass, Avolio, ed. 1994) another advantage of using the “Transformational” style or process of Leadership is, it enables leaders to motivate their followers to work for goals that go beyond their self interest. Evidence of Transformational leadership is seen in leaders who stimulate interest among their colleagues and followers to view their work from new perspectives. Transformational Leadership – Leaders Viewed as “Change Agents” According to Avolio et al. (1991) transformational leaders develop workforces that not only respond well to change but also promote and encourage change to happen to remain competitive. There is more delegation of responsibility by the leaders to their followers. For a leader to be successful, they will have to operate as change agents. Kotter (1996) states that for leaders to be effective change agents which recently inherited the tag of “Transformational Leaders” they will have to follow a Two Phase (Align & Execute), Seven Step Approach (Understand, Enlist, Envisage, Motivate, Communicate, Act and Consolidate).Kotter also states that these steps have to performed in the same order for the change to be effective and successful. The align phase consists of understanding the need for change, create a core team to bring...
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