3. Current situation and structure
4. Socio-cultural significance
In the contemporary world human society is characterised by a very complicated structure and naturally this leads to the variety of organisations existing in one and the same society. in such a situation the role of social groups is particularly significant since it provides the opportunities for the members of such groups to be in a privileged position compared to those people who do not belong to any social group. At this respect, it should be pointed out that organisations play a very important role in structurisation of the society since nowadays the role of organisations has increased dramatically. It is obvious that there is a variety of organisations which may be extremely influential, for instance multinational corporations which operate all over the world and national borders as well as laws are not a significant obstacle on their way of development and as a rule their strive for higher revenues and monopolistic position in the market. Unfortunately the development of such organisations is quite rapid and seems to be unstoppable that in the constantly progressing world is quite dangerous because such organisations threaten to undermine the basic principles of civil society since there is no international structure that could really control them. This is why often it is thought that there are less and less organisations that protects the interests of all citizens, especially the most deprived ones. Fortunately, there are still some organisations that aim at the protection of rights and interests of such groups of people and basically such organisations are known as non-profitable. In order to better such organisation, their structure, work, aims, and their social role, it is necessary to analyse one of such organisations, namely Penny Lane in North Hills, Ca. History
First of all, before discussing the organisation and its work, it is necessary to dwell upon its history since it will help better understand the entity and the main principles of the organisation, its functioning and main goals. It is always very important to learn the history of an organisation in order to have a clear picture about the reason of its foundation that will certainly define its future purposes and consequently perspectives. So, speaking about Penny Lane in North Hill, Ca, it is necessary to say that this non-profit organisation was founded not very long time ago. Notably, the date of its foundation is 1969 and the founder of the organisation was Ivelise (Ive) Markovits. The personality of the founder is also very important since it is her who defined the basic principles of Penny Lane and its further functioning was the result of Ive Markovits’ work. At this respect, it should be pointed out that the founder of Penny Lane graduated from the college with the bachelor’s degree in Psychology that naturally influenced her further career and the work of the organisation she founded since she paid a lot of attention to human relations, social problems and psychology, including social psychology, which focused on relations of individual and social groups as well as interaction of social groups between each other that was very perspective in a rapidly changing society of the second half of the 20th century. Moreover, 1960s also influenced the personality of the founder and consequently Penny Lane itself since it was the epoch when the sense of social consciousness was particularly sharp and strong. Remarkably, Ive Markovits began her career as Los Angeles County Probation and Placement Officer. Soon she got an MA in Marriage and Family Counselling and later received her licenses as a Marriage Family and a Child Counsellor. After that she has got a chance to realise her dreams since it was one of her main goals to “provide a home for deeply troubled teens about...
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