What are needlestick injuries?
Needlestick injuries are wounds caused by needles that accidentally puncture the skin. A wound caused by accidental penetration of the skin by a needle. Needlestick injuries can cause transmission of bloodborne pathogens How do needlestick injuries occur ?
These injuries can occur at any time when people use, disassemble, or dispose of needles. When not disposed of properly, needles can become concealed in linen or garbage and injure other workers who encounter them unexpectedly. How common are needlestick injuries?
Needlestick injuries are far too common hazard. Some hospitals report one third of nursing and laboratory staff suffer such injuries each year. What are the hazards of needlestick injuries?
Accidental injection of blood-borne viruses is the major hazard of needlestick injuries, especially the viruses that cause AIDS(the HIV virus), hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. How can needlestick injuries be prevented?
3.safe recapping procedures.
4.effective disposal systems.
5.improved equipment design
* risk of injury.
* potential hazards.
* recommended precautions for use and disposal of needles. * procedures for reporting injuries.
* the importance of hepatitis B vaccination where appropriate.Recommended Guidelines Recommended Guidelines
* Needles, scalpel blades and other sharp instruments—
* Disposable needles and syringes, scalpel blades, and other sharp items * Recapping.
Safe Recapping Procedures
Recapping can be safe when people lay the cap on a flat surface and scoop it onto the tip of a syringe held in one hand. Disposal
1.Workers should place needles in wide-mouth, puncture-proof containers. 2. Locate disposal containers specifically where needles are used to make safe disposal possible without recapping. 3. Replace the containers before they are...