The different routes, through which infection can get into the body, are: * You can get an infection through the respiratory tract and into the lung, by a cough, cold, influenza and any other common airborne infections that are contracted in this fashion. * You could get it through a cut or wound that has broken the skin, one of the main functions of the skin is to act as a barrier against any infection. Anything that penetrates the skin or for that matter the mucous membrane that lines the mouth or nose provides a route for infection to enter. This would be either bites, scratches, puncture wounds by needles this is an increase the risk of infection. * Other way is down the digestive tract, food, drink or any other infected products that can be swallowed and infect the stomach or the bowls. Most people would have experienced an upset stomach, which reveals itself in the form of diarrhea or vomiting. * You could also get an infection, up the urinary and reproductive systems. The infectious agent could remain localized or may have entered the blood stream. Sexually transmitted diseases are the most common infect the genitals. HIV and AIDS virus, is carried in the bodily fluids and can be transmitted in the saliva, seminal fluid or the blood.
Prevention methods including hand washing, the social care worker’s and others’ personal hygiene. The preventions methods of infection control are:
* Hand hygiene is decontamination of the hands by either washing or the application of alcohol hand rub products. The importance of hand hygiene in the prevention of cross infection particularly in healthcare settings. The way you should wash your hands are: * Wet hands under continuous running water
* Wet the hands up to the wrists before applying cleanser/soap * Rub palm to palm to make a lather, then part fingers to wash in between Wash the back of one hand with the palm of the other, then change over, parting the fingers to wash...