Understanding the Vancouver Riots: a TOK analysis of the violence following the Stanley Cup Hockey Finals on June 15th, 2011
Objectives of ToK Oral Presentation
Identify and explore a Knowledge Issue (KI) raised by a Real-life
Situation (RLS) Show insightful thinking about KI, supporting ideas about knowledge claims, justifying thinking, making connections with ToK concepts Presentation should have two stages: an introduction and brief explanation of the RLS, and clear
identification of KI Discussion of KI and shows how the KI relates to RLS
Assessment criteria for the Presentation
Criterion A: Identification of the knowledge issue [/5] Did the student identify a relevant knowledge issue in a real-life situation?
Criterion B: Treatment of knowledge issues [/5]
Did the presentation show a good understanding of the knowledge issues,
in the context of real life?
Criterion C: Knower’s perspective [/5]
Did the presentation show an individual approach, particularly in the use
of arguments and examples?
Criterion D: Connections [/5]
Did the presentation give a clear account of how the question could be
approached from different perspectives?
Without a focus on a Knowledge Issue presentations cannot
deserve high marks on criteria The topic should be grounded in real people and real life, not just a theoretical issue Don’t just mention TOK concepts and vocabulary: Analyze them! Have notes for your presentation. Practice it. In groups, make sure each member participates evenly and critically in the presentation Approach the KI from different viewpoints Use the TOK presentation planner
1. Take a RLS
5. Apply analysis back to RLS
6. Extend analysis to other areas
2. Extract a KI from a RLS
3. Analyze the KI – not the RLS - From your own perspective - From other perspectives - Using ideas and concepts from TOK
4. While analyzing, Identify other KI’s
1. Take a Real Life Situation
Violence in downtown Vancouver, BC, Canada after the final
game of the Stanley Cup between Vancouver Canucks and Boston Bruins June 15, 2011
Summary of RLS
The city of Vancouver set up giant screens so that fans
could watch the game The local team lost Fans destroyed the screens and rioting began Store windows were broken and stores looted Fights broke out between Vancouver supporters Cars were set on fire, including police cars Riot police sprayed gas to disperse the crowds Hundreds of people were injured and arrested Millions of dollars in damages were reported
“How can well behaved sports fans from an advanced and liberal
society behave this way?”
“So sad watching our VPD cars on fire and how quickly people can
turn from law-abiding to law-breaking.”
Vancouver Police Department on Twitter
2. Extract Knowledge Issue
KI = open-ended questions that have more than one possible answer; explicitly about knowledge and not subject-specific claims; worded in TOK vocabulary and concepts: the Areas of Knowledge: Natural Sciences, Social Sciences, History, Mathematics, Ethics the Ways of Knowing: Reason, Emotion, Perception, Language and the Concepts in the linking questions—belief, certainty, culture, evidence, experience, explanation, interpretation, intuition, justification, truth, values precise in terms of the relationships between these concepts
How do individuals know what the ethical thing to do is when the collective is doing something seemingly wrong?
3. Analyze the Knowledge Issue What is the ‘ethical thing to do’?
Do we agree that : it is wrong to break store windows and steal (looting)? it is wrong to destroy private property? It is wrong to fight and beat up others because you are angry?
Yes! But, why?...