1.Explain how the range of early years setting reflect the scope and purpose of the sector The early year’s sector in the U.K, is complex, unlike many European countries it was not developed by government policy with specific aims but came about in response to families requirements which were based on changing economic and social factors. In the second half of the twentieth century public expenditure on early year’s provision focused on families with social needs and difficulties. There was early year’s provision available in the private sector in the form of childminders, nannies and private nurseries. Families requirements for their children/ young person’s vary some parents want care for their children/ young person’s so that they can return to work, some parent/ cares want to stay with their children/ young person while they socialise, some parent/ cares want their children/ young person in setting which offer service aimed at learning, some parent/ cares want their children/ young person to be in a home based environment and some families cannot afford to pay fees for provision. This is why the early years sector has various form of provision to meet the needs of families, provision includes nurseries, childminders, pre- school, crèches, children’s centres and parent/ cares and toddle groups. Over the past ten t fifteen years the early years sector has been at the forefront of government agenda and there have been huge changes in response to social and economic developments.