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2.1 EXERCISE 1 – measuring enthalpy changes

In all the following questions, assume that the densities and specific heat capacities of the solutions are the same as pure water i.e. ρ = 1.0 gcm-3 and c = 4.18 Jg-1K-1

1.Zinc will displace copper from copper (II) sulphate solution according to the following equation: CuSO4(aq) + Zn(s) ( Cu(s) + ZnSO4(aq)
If an excess of zinc powder is added to 50 cm3 of 1.0 moldm-3 copper(II) sulphate, the temperature increases by 6.3 oC. Calculate the enthalpy change for the reaction.

2. Magnesium will also displace copper from copper (II) sulphate solution. If an excess of magnesium is added to 100 cm3 of 1.0 moldm-3 copper(II) sulphate, the temperature increases by 46.3 oC. a)Calculate the molar enthalpy change for the reaction

b)Calculate the minimum quantity of magnesium required to ensure it is in excess. c)Calculate the temperature change if only 0.8 g of magnesium is added.

3.When 5.73 g of sodium chloride (NaCl) dissolves in 100 cm3 of water, the temperature of the water fell from 22.4 oC to 19.8 oC. Calculate the enthalpy change of the reaction.

4.When 2.3 g of magnesium chloride dissolves in 200 cm3 of water, the temperature rose by 3.4 oC. Calculate the enthalpy change for the reaction.

5. If 50 cm3 of 0.1 moldm-3 HCl and 50 cm3 of 0.1 moldm-3 NaOH are mixed, the temperature of the solution rises by 0.68 oC. Calculate the enthalpy change of the reaction in kJmol-1.

6.If 50 cm3 of 1.0 moldm-3 NaOH is added to 25 cm3 of 2.0 moldm-3 CH3COOH, the temperature rose by 8.3 oC. Calculate the molar enthalpy change for the reaction.
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