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15

Understand mental health problems (CMH 302)

Assessment of this unit
This unit introduces the main forms of mental health problems. You will be expected to know the strengths and limitations of the main psychiatric classifications systems and have a working knowledge of alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress. The unit also looks at the ways that mental health problems affect the individual and others in their social network, and considers the benefits of early intervention in promoting mental health and wellbeing. You will need to: ▶ know the main forms of mental illness ▶ consider the impact of mental ill health on individuals and others in their social network. The assessment of this unit is entirely knowledge-based. To successfully complete this unit, you will need to produce evidence of your knowledge as shown in the table opposite. Your tutor or assessor will help you to prepare for your assessment. The tasks suggested in the unit will help you to create the evidence you need.

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CHAPTER 15

AC
1.1

What you need to know
Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the psychiatric (DSM/ICD) classification system: mood disorders, personality disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, substance-related disorders, eating disorders, cognitive disorders Explain the key strengths and limitations of the psychiatric classification systems Explain two alternative frameworks for understanding mental distress Explain how mental ill health may be indicated through an individual’s emotions, thinking and behaviour Explain how individuals experience discrimination due to misinformation, assumptions and stereotypes about mental ill health Explain how mental ill health may have an impact on the individual, including: • • • • • psychological and emotional practical and financial the impact of using services social exclusion positive impacts

1.2 1.3 1.4 2.1 2.2

2.3

Explain how mental ill health may have an impact on those in the individual’s familial, social or work network, including: • • • • • psychological and emotional practical and financial the impact of using services social exclusion positive impacts

2.4

Explain the benefits of early intervention in promoting mental health and wellbeing

This unit also links to some of the other units:

HSC 024 DEM 201 DEM 210

Principles of safeguarding and protection in health and social care Dementia awareness Understand and enable interaction and communication with individuals with dementia

Some of your learning will be repeated in these units and will give you the chance to review your knowledge and understanding.

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What are the main forms of mental ill health?
Experiencing ‘mental illness’
Mental illness is a disorder of the mind that affects how individuals think and feel. It can change how those individuals behave. The problems associated with mental illness can extend to how an individual forms relationships, and how that individual interacts with the wider community. People diagnosed with mental health problems can be socially excluded from normal activities and resources due to the stigma of the illness. Discrimination based on the wider community’s perception of mental illness compounds the difficulties faced by individuals with mental health problems. Learning about mental health problems will help you understand these difficulties. Better understanding of mental illness will help you to: ▶ become more aware of the need to provide support for people who have been diagnosed with a mental illness ▶ learn the difference between an individual’s needs when they are mentally healthy and when they are mentally ill ▶ learn about how health and social care practices support individuals with mental illness. Your assessment criteria: 1.1 Describe the main types of mental ill health according to the DSM/ICD classification systems. 1.2 Explain the key strengths and limitations of the psychiatric classification...
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