The names of the legislations
| How it works and protects children
| Health and safety at work act 1974
| This law has been put in place to protect everyone in the setting, not only in childcare settings but in every work place. It is crucial that practitioners put this legislation into place as it makes everyone in the setting safe and it ensures everyone’s safety. The act makes sure that the maintenance of the work place and the people in it are protected against risks to health and safety arising out of or in connection with the activities of persons at work. ‘An Act to make further provision for securing the health, safety and welfare of persons at work, for protecting others against risks to health or safety’ http://www.legislation.gov.uk/ukpga/1974/37.In most childcare settings toys/products bought by them must have the BSI kitemark sign or the CE mark, this ensures that the toys/products the children are using are safe to play with and meet the legal requirements that are needed for them to be allowed to be used ‘Many products such as toys must meet legal requirements before they can be sold within the European Union and must carry a CE mark. This shows that the product meets European rules.’(Tassoni.P pg.140). When I go to my placements for the first time they always ask to see my CRB this shows them that I am safe to work with and be around children. In child care settings it is your employer who has a duty of care to look after you and others, as far as possible, your health, safety and welfare while you are at work. They should start with a risk assessment to spot possible health and safety hazards. But this is a team effort and if a risk arises you must report it immediately. These are done to help keep children safe from any possible harm.
| RIDDOR- Reporting of Injuries, Diseases and Dangerous Occurrences Regulations 1995
| This act ensures that everyone is safe and that any illnesses, diseases or accidents are reported, notified and written down. This act sort of links in with the health and safety act 1974 by ensuring everyone’s safety at all times. In a childcare setting the practitioner must always write down an accident a child may have had or injuries in an accident book, and then must inform parents with a letter and also one to one talking. This ensures that a child will be safe and if more specialist help is needed for the accident then they know exactly what happened and how to treat it. In my own placement if I witness and accident I tell the practitioner exactly what happened and they write it down with the date time and how the incident happened if the accident was of serious concern then they would inform the parent immediately. Practitioners must follow correct procedures related to the policy in order to support children and maintain a safe environment which ensures children are able to learn in a safe and secure environment as this benefit the child in life. ‘Even a minor incident requires and entry to be made in the accident book. For more serious incidents a full report is needed.’(Tassoni.P pg 150)
| Food Safety Act 1990
| This act ensures that you do not include anything in food, remove anything from food or treat food in any way which means it would be damaging to the health of people eating it and that the standard you serve it at is a quality people would expect. In a childcare setting whoever is preparing the food must be professionally trained ‘“All managers and staff have responsibilities, with anyone who handles or serves food being required to be qualified with a basic food hygiene certificate as a minimum qualification.” (Tassoni P, 2007, page 489). In my setting the chef has a table of children’s allergy’s and also religions and certain religions don't eat specific meats and has different tables for using different kind of foods such as meat on one table and veg on the other, this is done to prevent cross-infection in the early years setting. This helps to...
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