Theories of Personality
Similarities and Differences between Rogers' and Maslow's interpretation of "Self- actualization
Rogers and Maslow are from a Humanistic approach to thought. The human approach takes away from the man and robot statement that the behaviorists maintain. Rogers and Maslow engaged in a concept of self-actualization and characteristics and the requirements to achieve it. Rogers and Maslow theories of self -actualization have similarities and differences. These two discussed that the driving force of human needs system is self-actualization. Rogers, one of the most influential founders of the humanistic approach, has been cited more and was a major influence on clinical practice than any other in the psychology field. Carl Rogers
"Carl Rogers believed positive self-regard originates in the regard which is shown to us by others. Thus, we develop high self-esteem when we are in an environment which truly values and affirms us."1 “Rogers believed feelings of self-worth developed in early childhood and were formed from the interaction of the child with the mother and father. Rogers believed feelings of self-worth developed in early childhood and were formed from the interaction of the child with the mother and father.”2 Roger’s believed that we all are able to achieve this level. “Carl Rogers is more about reflection and unconditional positive regard. It is his theory that underlies the assumption in social work that all clients have whatever they need to succeed inside of them already and the therapist must simply construct the most appropriate environment for their client to realize this.”3 Rogers stated that each person can accomplish their goals and desires in life. Self-actualization takes place if and when they do or did. Healthy personalities will not develop as they should without them. Much like humans need food and water to live. In order for people to reach their potential a number of factors must be in play and satisfied. This contribution to psychology was one of Rogers most important. Maslow
"Maslow believed self-esteem could only be achieved by older people that young children only achieved the bottom 2/3 layers in his hierarchy. Maslow believed that only 1% of people achieve self-actualization."3
Built upon itself, Maslow’s theory stated a person couldn’t move up to a higher lever without accomplishing a lower level of his hierarchy first. Also discussed that a person could end up stuck in a lower level of hierarchy and is left without moving to a higher level of hierarchy needs. Maslow believed people to be bound by their environments (the discrepancy between d needs and b needs) whereas Rogers thought that basic positivism and adequate social support could supersede almost all environments to not only achieve stability but also to thrive and cultivate creativity. Maslow only 1% could achieve self-realization (which at least was not as conventional as you may first presume). Rogers 100% could.”4
“The underlying difference between Maslow and Rogers theories is that Rogers maintained that in order for someone to achieve self-actualization they must have been in a relationship in which there is congruency, empathy, and unconditional positive regard. Maslow in contrast maintained that self-actualizing people maintain their self- esteem because the lower needs have been satisfied and therefore they are able to maintain their self -esteem even when faced with rejection from others. Another difference between Maslow and Rogers is that Maslow placed emphasis on peak experiences. Peak experiences are a moment in life that go beyond ordinary perceptions, thoughts, and feelings that allow an individual to feel more alive and transforms their understanding of themselves and the world. Rogers. Maslow felt these rare, mystical experiences empower an individual and allows them to feel the effects of self-actualization.”5...
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