June 4, 2012
Humanistic and Existential Personality Theories
During the 1950’s psychodynamic conjectures was unable to keep its general acceptance. Psychotherapy started to bring on a matter of interest with restrictions of the conjecture, in particular psychoanalyzing humanistic way of doing things. Maslow and Rogers came up with a different way of handling the controversy inside the psychodynamic conjecture. Putting together the information of studying, humanistic, and existential personality theories depicts an immense illustration of the human disposition and character or traits as it forms by response to the extrinsic surroundings. This paper will discuss both the humanistic and existential theories of personality and how this influenced interpersonal relationships. How humanistic and existential theories affect individual personalities
The humanistic theory is the psychological perception of good in every human. This theory follows steps for the individual to achieve self-actualization. For one to achieve this, he or she must fulfill his or her needs of the lower level. Abraham Maslow, founder of the holistic-dynamic theory, believed individuals are motivated by his or her needs to grow and become psychologically healthy. “To attain self-actualization, people must satisfy lower levels needs such as hunger, safety, love, and esteem, only after they are relatively satisfied in each of these needs can he or she reach self-actualization” (Feist & Feist, 2009, p. 275). Maslow created the Hierarchy of Needs, which helped his patients view the steps needed to attain his or her ultimate goal of self.
Carl Rogers founded the client-centered theory. This theory was similar to that of Maslow’s theory, but he used his experiences as a therapist to focus on helping individuals better his or herself. Unlike Freud, who looked into an individual’s past for reasons explaining...