University of Phoenix Material
Psychodynamic Personality Theories Matrix
Using the text for this course, the University Library, the Internet, and/or other resources, complete the following table. |Theory |Assumptions |Reliability |Validity |Application | |Psychoanalytic Theory |Psychoanalytic theory originated with the |Based on his observations | “It is true that Freud essentially |Freud developed a theory that described development | | |work of Sigmund Freud. Through his clinical |Psychoanalytic theory was an |considered psychoanalysis a pure science, |in terms of a series of psychosexual stages. | | |work with patients suffering from mental |enormously influential force |but that is a view which has been |According to Freud, conflicts that occur during each | | |illness, Freud came to believe that childhood|during the first half of the |superseded by the current view, which puts|of these stages can have a lifelong influence on | | |experiences and unconscious desires |twentieth century but reliability |more emphasis on the issue of how fruitful|personality and behavior. | | |influenced behavior. |is difficult or next to impossible|psychoanalytic treatment is as a | | | | |to substantiate. |treatment. Even if an inordinate amount of| | | | | |time is spent writing about theory within | | | | | |the profession, clinical practice plays | | | | | |the central role in the professional lives| | | | | |of psychoanalysts (Michels, 1983). As a | | | | | |science, psychoanalysis is imperfect, but | | | | | |it has stood the test of time as an | | | | | |important basis of psychotherapy” (Plaut).| | |Individual Psychological |What is known of human thought and behavior | Some theories have fallen out of |Behavioral psychology, also known as |Today, behavioral techniques are still widely used in| |Theory |has come to the forefront because of the |favor, while others remain widely |behaviorism, is a theory of learning based|therapeutic settings to help clients learn new skills| | |various psychology theories. One example is |accepted, but all have contributed|upon the idea that all behaviors are |and behaviors (Cherry). | | |the behavioral theories giving examples...
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