Development of Personality Theories
An individual’s personality is what makes them unique. Whether personality is naturally born or developed through experience, behavior is based upon these tendencies. Temperaments, traits, and attitudes affect the quality of life of each individual. This is assuming one is in a non-oppressive relativity free environment. The examination of one’s own personality including their strengths, weaknesses, and talents is beneficial to their pursuit of happiness and optimal mental health. The misunderstanding of these qualities lowers one’s quality of life and or lead to mental disorders or unhappiness that might otherwise be preventable through self-analysis and understanding of self and others.
The purpose of this paper is to present the development of theories about personality throughout history with specific focus on factor models and the work and theories of psychologists Karen Horney and Gordon Allport. The proposed paper will begin with a timeline of interest in the topic of human personality which begins as early as philosophers Aristotle and Plato and explores its evolution from a popular public philosophical discussion to an actual field in the study of psychology.
Inspired by her disagreement with the ideas of women popularized by Sigmund Freud, Karen Horney specialized in the study of personality through psychoanalysis with much consideration given to her own personal life and how she delt with her problems as a woman. The discovery of a person’s innate traits can be assessed using the NPA personality test and other similar tests created based upon Horney’s main three primary behavioral trait concepts, sanguinity, or "narcissism" (N), perfectionism (P) and aggression (A). I will relate the ideas of self-assessment through personality tests with the work of Gordon Allport. This American psychologist is famed for development measurements used in personality tests....
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