Literature Review

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Literature Review
Effective body language for organizational success
It is well-known that body language refers to nonverbal mode of communication. On scientific analysis, it has been found that the different aspects of communication comprise 55% bodily movements and gestures, 38% vocal tone and only 7% words or verbal communication. It is thus clear that about 93% of communication is nonverbal, as many times, words are inadequate. This shows that correct use of body language serves as an effective nonverbal communication tool to convince fellow-workers at workplace, as well as family and friends, eventually leading to overall organizational success through self-development. It further leads to personal and professional growth of an employee, ultimately benefitting the organization. An attempt has, therefore, been made in this paper to discuss the importance, modes and effective use of body language in successful organizational development.

(IUP Journal of Soft Skills, December 1, 2010)

Role of paralanguage in effective communication

The previous research on emphasized on the inculcation of body language in the area of communication. This research aims at striking a balance between merely communicating and communicating effectively in order to succeed in a fast changing cross commercial world. Communication today is the buzz word, and effective English communication skills have proved to be a passport to a plethora of opportunities around the globe. However, communication does not mean only expressing our idea, statements and grievances, but it also means effectively disseminating information. To say more precisely, communication is not constricted to language alone, rather its relevance necessitates it to include paralanguage in its ambit.

(ICFAI Journal of Soft Skills; Jun2009, Vol. 3 Issue 2)

Proxemics: Some Challenges and Strategies in Nonverbal Communication.

The term proxemics was introduced by anthropologist Edward T. Hall in 1966. Proxemics is the study of set measurable distances between people as they interact. The term 'proxemics' refers to the study of spatial dimension of nonverbal behavior. The knowledge and application of certain skills related to proxemics have become very important today. It is very important to understand the characteristics of proxemics, approaches in the study of proxemic behavior of an individual and culture, and also some of the strategies to be employed to make use of proxemics for effective communication.

(IUP Journal of Soft Skills; Sep2010, Vol. 4 Issue 3)

Are you self-centered or audience-centered?

It is very important for the speaker to identify his forte. The speaker needs to know his audience well and try and be audience-centric. You reach the effective-speaker stage when you begin to research and deliver each presentation with the audience first and foremost in mind. The questions you need to answer should be: Will they understand? Does this material give them what they need to improve their skills or be persuaded? What questions will they want answered? Which terms need to be defined and explained as I speak? What will they do as a result of my presentation? How can this material keep them engaged throughout the presentation? How much evidence will I need to convince the people in this audience? This is an important skill for experts, because even though they are presenting the same material and speech over and over, each audience is different. One trap of presenting the same material several times is that your thoughts may turn to how to get through the material or how boring it is to deliver this report for the tenth time. Then is the time to get self-centered again. Anytime you start thinking of yourself instead of the audience, it's time to go back to the basics of speaking. Consider choosing a new topic that excites you, or reorganize your material in a new way.

(Boyd, Stephen, Presentations; Sep2005, Vol. 19 Issue 9)

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