Level3 Childcare

Topics: Developmental psychology, The Child, Lev Vygotsky Pages: 7 (2577 words) Published: March 18, 2013
Unit 2: Development from conception to age 16 years
E1 Describe the development of children in a selected age range and in TWO (2) areas of development. 3-7 12-16 Language and social development. The development of children is extremely important, so it is important to know what a child should be doing at different ages. Two particular areas are language and social development. When a child reaches the age of three they should start to develop their social development so they should recognise their gender role, they also start making friends and negotiate with other children as well as begin to have a sense of control when interacting with other children. Children of three years are easily afraid and begin to imagine and pretend. With communication development a three year old should begin to use full sentences and tenses, also the child should be talking quite often and start to ask questions however they may make grammatical errors such as ‘I goed there’ instead of ‘I went there’. The child may enjoy more complicated stories and have favourite books which they ask for frequently, the child will be trying very hard to get their speech right so may stutter when talking to adults and this may frustrate them. A child at four years old where social development is concerned should start to be more independent and show their sense of humour more often, they should also start being able to undress and dress themselves but possibly not laces or buttons. They should also start being able to wash and dry their own hands and brush their teeth but may need some help from their parents/carer. When talking about four year olds in language development they should be able to be taught to say their name, age and address. They should also be using past, present and future tense and become more accurate when speaking as well as laugh at sentences that they make up and begin to use proper grammar. When looking at social development between the ages of 5 and 7 the child should be able to begin to control their feelings and can think of other people’s feelings as well. The child also starts to take responsibility in everyday things such as helping other  people. The child’s language development should be progressing between these ages and the child should be able to understand the meaning of most words and be able to talk confidently, they also begin to associate objects buy their function. Children within this age range should begin to realise that they should talk in different ways when in different situations. Word count: 402

E2 Describe the development of children in a selected age range, different from E1 and in TWO (2) areas of development.
During the ages of 12 to 16 in language development a child should be more independent and spend a lot of time with friends doing different activities inside and outside of school. The child should be able to communicate with more maturity and be able to write appropriately and neatly, the child should also be able to understand more complicated writing and different contexts. The child’s social development between these ages is also increasing rapidly, they might become more self-conscious and aware of physical changes as well as developing their sexual identity. The child may feel like they are misunderstood and have mild to severe mood swings. They may go out of their way to be accepted into a certain group of people and be less dependent on their family. Word count: 130

E4 Include THREE (3) observations as appendices.
E5 Identify and use THREE (3) different observation techniques. The three types of observations that I have used are narrative, checklist and event sample. Narrative observations are written observations of a child doing an activity, this observation should be written in present tense and should be at least an A4 page, it should have every detail about what the child is doing however when writing it is easy to miss details when using this technique of observation, the...
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