1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children & young person’s development from birth to 19 years, to includes: a) Physical development
b) Communication & intellectual development
c) Social, emotional & behavioural development
Physical (fine & gross motor skills)
Give atleast 6 example for each age group in each development stage. The ages under each section are;
Social; 0-6 months, 6-18 months, 1-2 years, 2-3 years, 3-5 years, 5-7 years, 7-11 years, 11-16 years, 16-19 years.
Intellectual; 0-1 years, 2-4 years, 5-7 years, 7-11 years, 11-16 years, 16-19 years.
Moral;0-3 years, 4-6 years, 7-11 years, 11- 16 years, 16-19 years.
Physical;0-3 months, 3-6 months, 6-9 months, 9-12 months, 1-2 years, 2-3 years, 3-5 years, 5-7 years, 8-12 years, 13-15 years, 16-19 years.
Language;0-3 months, 3-6 months, 6-12 months, 1-3 years, 3-5 years, 5-7 years, 7-11 years, 11-16 years, 16-19 years.
Emotional;0-6 months, 6-18 months, 1-2 years, 2-3 years, 3-5 years, 5-7 years, 7-11 years, 11-16 years, 16-19 years.
* Facial expressions.
* Stares at bright shiny objects.
* Smiles at carers.
* Smiles, engages and vocalizes with carer.
* Starts to show interest in other babies/children.
* Becomes more interested in social interaction depending on time spent with other children and their personality. * Seeks attention.
* Imitates Interacts differently with different family members.
* Very interested in everything all around them.
* Recognizes familiar and unfamiliar faces.
* Unhappy in changes in routine.
* Will play alone
* Little idea of sharing and strong sense of mine.
* Shows stranger anxiety.
* Enjoys other children’s company but is reluctant to share toys. * Engages parallel play alongside others.
* Knows own identity.
* Respond to their own name.
* Start to play with others.
* Start to explore independently.
* Greater social awareness.
* Will play in twos’ and three’s, sharing game ideas. * May have close friends.
* A lot of mix play of the sexes.
* Friendly to other children.
* Plays alongside others.
* Enjoys cooperative and dramatic play.
* Understands cooperation and competition.
* Can take turns.
* Enjoys independence but still needs comfort and reassurance. * Becomes engrossed on activities.
* Good sense of self awareness.
* Able to form friendships.
* Very supportive of each other, playing complex games.
* Plays in separate sex groups.
* Fairly independent and confident.
* Increasing sense of morality – right from wrong
* Becomes engrossed on activities.
* Develop more of ability the share.
* Compares to their peers.
* Have problematic friendships.
* Compare themselves to others and have a sense of belonging. * Imitates both good and bad adult behaviour.
* Wants to join or become affiliated with the beliefs and values of the important adults in their lives. * Can begin to sacrifice self interest in others.
* Can learn not to compare themselves with others.
* Concerns about group acceptance.
* Likes to assert themselves.
* Self-righteously and rigidly applies their own code of rules. * Able to see own actions and motives objectively.
* Relationships with parents range from friendly to hostile. * Sometimes feels parent can be ‘too interested’.
* Usually many friends and few real confidents, dates actively. * Varies greatly in level of maturity.
* May be uncomfortable or enjoy activities with the opposite sex. * May strongly invest in a single romantic relationship.