1.1 Identify the main types of state and independent schools. There are many different types of schools in the education sector. There are state schools which are funded by the local authorities and are also known as mainstream schools. They all have to follow the national curriculum and include Community schools, Voluntary schools of which there are 2 types, controlled and aided, Foundation and Trust schools and also Specialist schools. There are other types of schools too such as independent schools and academies which are either funded by the parents or by sponsors and do not have to follow the National Curriculum. Free schools are also available and are a bit of a mixture.
1.2 Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance. The above types of school all have different characteristics in relation to education and governance, for example;
Community schools follow the national curriculum, are state funded and ran solely by the Local Education Authority (LEA). The schools governing body is responsible for the day to day running of the school and but the staff are employed by the Local Authority and the land and buildings of the school are also owned by the Local Authority. The LEA also decides which admissions criteria to use if the school has more applicants than places. The criteria could include if you live in the area of the school, if the child has any siblings at the school or if the child has a disability which makes travelling to a remote school difficult. Community schools also help to develop strong links with the community by offering the use of their facilities and providing services i.e. childcare and adult learning programmes and the Local Authority also provides support services, for example, psychological and special educational needs services.
There are two types of voluntary schools,...