Schools as organisations
1.1 Identify the main types of state and independent schools
LA nurseries, private day nurseries, childminders, playgroups.
Primary school state and independent, secondary schools state and independent, Academies
Sixth form, College, university
1.2 Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage and school governance
Local Authority Nurseries
* Usually cater for children aged 3-5yrs, can be attached to a primary school or children’s centre. Usually open term time only. Hrs of 9 – 3.30pm. * Follows the EYFS (early year’s foundation stage). Framework to support a child’s development and learning from birth to 5ys. State funded through the LA for children 3-5yrs, 15hrs per week, 38 weeks per yr. * Regulated by OFSTED Early years (office for standards in education). * Parents can pay fees if they require more than 15hrs per week. * Ideal for parents/carers who do not require full time childcare. 15 free hrs per week used to get their child interacting with other children and to build confidence and routine ready for starting primary school.
Private Day Nurseries
* Cater for children from birth – 5yrs. Open from 7.30-6pm, 51wks per year * Follow the EYFS – early learning goals expected to be achieved by the end of reception class: Include personal, social and emotional development, problem solving, reasoning and numeracy, knowledge and understanding of the world, physical and creative development. * Funded by parents paying fees, although 3 and 4 yr olds receive funding shared between the DfE (central government) and the LA for 15hrs per week, 38 wks per yr.
* Some private nurseries have a minimum number of hrs a child can attend, as they are run as a business. * Ideal for working parents who need childcare from birth for working day hrs, for the majority of the yr, not just term time.
* Cater for children from 2-2.5yrs to 5yr. Usually open from 9-3.30pm, term time only. * Usually run by charities or set up by parent groups and are non-profitable organisations. * EYFS followed and regulated by OFSTED early years.
* Funded by parent fees, although generally less expensive than private day nurseries as they are charitable organisations and usually pay below market value rent for premises etc. * Funding for children age 3 upwards for 15 hrs per wk, 38 wks per yr, granted by the LA. * Bit more flexible than LA nurseries as take children from around 2ys and the children can stay the playgroup until they start reception class.
* Provide care for a small group of children in their own home and are the owner of the business. * Must be registered with OFSTED early yrs register if looking after children under 5ys
And the General childcare register if providing care for children between 5 and 8 yrs.
They are not required to be registered if only providing care for children over 8yrs. * Childminders are usually expected to follow the EYFS
* All fees paid by parent/carers, although some who are accredited and registered with an approved childminding network (CCF, children come first) can offer the LA funding of 15hrs per wk, 38 wks per yr for 3 and 4 yr olds. * Benefits are no fixed opening and closing times. Small groups of children, more informal and familiar home setting.
State Primary school (compulsory)
* State funded primary schools for children aged 4-11yrs. * Reception class (age 4/5) follow the EYFS framework as in pre compulsory education. * Pupils aged 5-7yrs (infants) are taught KS1, the first stage of the NC (standard content taught across state funded schools in order to enable assessment to see how a child is progressing and developing and to identify any areas a child may need more help with in later stages of...