Kashmir Conflict

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Several current conflicts are due to the European colonization and decolonization, which occurred mainly in the mid of the last century. These conflicts are often about resources, territories or ethnics. In South Asia, the Kashmir conflict last since 1947, that corresponds to the British decolonization of what was named the British Raj. The conflict stems from Pakistan and India, which both claimed the sovereignty over this region, leading to dramatic consequences over the decades on the Kashmir inhabitants and on the economy. The conflict, rooted in the history, has impacted roughly the region, and a close solution seems uncertain.

After the British departure from India, the country was divided in three parts, according to the main religion: Pakistan and Bangladesh which are mainly inhabited by Muslim people whereas India has a Hindu majority. Between India and Pakistan, there is the Kashmir region. Despite, the Muslim majority, decision was made by the Maharaja, that the region would be a part of India. However, Pakistan wanted to possess this wealth territory and invaded it in 1948, leading to the first out of three wars between the two countries. Finally, Pakistan withdrew his troops, and signed an agreement with India, resulting in the creation of a Line of Control. A tiny part of the Kashmir region was incorporated to Pakistan. In 1965 occurred the second war, which ended due the UN resolution which let the previous Line of Control. (CNN, 2003) The third war took place in 1971. In 1989 started the worse part of the conflict in Kashmir, with a civil war, an increase in the violence, a lot of Indian militaries settled in the region. In 1998, the threat of a scale in violence has increased, as despite any authorization from the United-Nations, both countries accessed the nuclear bomb technology. In 2003, Pakistan and India agreed to a ceasefire, keeping as a boarder the Line of Control. (Harris, G) Nowadays, the main part of Kashmir is tied to India, whereas...
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