Irrigation Report

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1INTRODUCTION2
1.1Background2
1.2Objective and Scope of the Sub-project2
1.3Approach and Methodology3
1.4Methodology Adopted3
1.5Sub-project Area4
1.6Climate, Topography, and Soil6
2TECHNICAL ASSESSMENT AND DESIGN8
2.1Water Resources Assessment8
2.2Crop Water Requirements9
2.3Engineering System Design12
3AGRICULTURE PRODUCTION14
3.1Agriculture14
3.2Present Agriculture Practices14
3.3Present Agriculture Inputs15
3.4Future Cropping Pattern and Yields15
4SOCIO – INSTITUTION AND ORGANIZATION16
4.1Introduction16
4.2Beneficiaries Demand for the Sub-Project17
4.3Beneficiaries’ ad-hoc management Committee17
4.4Level of Cooperation / Enthusiasm among Beneficiaries17
4.5Conflict and Management at Beneficiaries level18
4.6Needs for Training18
5SUB-PROJECT COST AND FINANCIAL ANALYSIS18
5.1Analysis of Rates18
5.2Abstract of Cost18
5.3Cost Per Hectare18
5.4Estimated Benefits19
5.5Financial Analysis19
6CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION19
6.1Conclusion19
6.2Recommendations20

APPENDIXES

APPENDIX I WATER RESOURCE ASSESSMENT
APPENDIX IICROP WATER REQUIREMENT
APPENDIX IIIECONOMIC ANALYSIS
APPENDIX IVCOST ESTIMATION
APPENDIX VFARMERS’ REQUEST FORM
APPENDIX VIDRAWINGS
APPENDIX VIIPHOTOGRAPHS

INTRODUCTION

Background
Context of Present Study
As a follow up action of agricultural development, strategy to increase agricultural production by raising unit yield and expanding higher cropped area from available irrigable area. DOI has initiated various irrigation schemes. DOI also taking loan assistance from various sources so that irrigation facilities can be increased. The Kurung Khola Non-convention I.P. is one of the projects requested by the user farmers. It lies in Thumpokhara ward no.3 of Syangja district. The proposed command area of this project is under level terraces with medium to intensely cultivated land. The slope of the command area is between 50 to 200 with sufficient soil depth and is suitable for irrigated agriculture. Currently, farmers are growing Early and Main Paddy, wheat, Maize, potato and a little amount of vegetables. This system has two sources one at the east side and the other at the west side named as Kurung Khol and Kami Khola, but it needs to carry water by pipe line. The local farmers could not build themselves due to economically and technical difficulties despite their genuine need. The user of farmers of this area has been requesting the DIO for a long time for their initiation. Objective and Scope of the Sub-project

The main objectives of this project is to increase the agricultural yield in net 10 hectares of fertile level terrace land by providing a reliable irrigation facility, as currently the agriculture within this command area is based primarily on rain fed conditions. After the agriculture within this completion of the project the living standard and their livelihood of people living within this command area is expected to increase substantially. After the completion of the system, agriculture yield is expected to increase by introducing improved cropping pattern, crop variety and agricultural extension services. The development of the project is envisaged with the construction of physical system, improved agricultural practice with intensive agricultural extension services, appropriate O & M practice at the hand of the users themselves and environment friendly utilization of land and water resources. The project has been selected based on genuine demand of farmers and during this study, peoples participation was very active and encouraging. The user farmers would be mobilized by forming a Water Users Association in order to obtain their contribution during construction as well as the O & M of the system. During this survey, people of the project area were found eager to have a WUA for future...
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