Inflection and Est Er

Topics: Inflection, Lexeme, Affix Pages: 7 (309 words) Published: October 8, 2014
21:
root
suffix
whole word
a. govern
speak
contemplate
(v)
(v)
(v)
- ment
- er
- ion
 government
 speaker
 contemplation
(n)
(n)
(n)
b. fiction
child
color
(n )
(n)
(n)
- al
- ish
- ful
Fictional
childish
colorful
(a)
(a)
(a)
c. happy
rare
creative
(a)
(a )
(a)
- ness
- ity
- ity
 happiness
 rarity
 creativity
(n)
(n)
(n)
d. mess
book
mountain
(n) (n)
(n)
- y
- ish
- ous
messy
 bookish
 mountainous
(a)
(a)
(a)
e. clam
lovely
silly
(a)
(a)
(a)
- est
- er
- er
calmest
lovelier
sillier
(a)
(a)
(a)

22:
root
affix
whole word
a. spite
health
truth
(n)
(n)
(n)
- ful
- ful
- ful
spiteful
healthful
truthful
(a)
(a)
(a)
d. stop
fix
laugh
(v)
(v)
(v)
- able
- able
- able
stoppable
fixable
laughable
(a)
(a)
(a)
affix
root
whole word
b. un-
un-
un-
sure
true
happy
(a)
(a)
(a)
unsure
untrue
unhappy
(a)
(a)
(a)
c. re-
re-
re-
take
view
live
(v)
(v)
(v)
retake
review
relive
(v)
(v)
(v)

Answer: c. Because the lexical category of the root and the lexical category of the whole word belong to verbs.

24. a

b c

d e

f

g

h

i j

k

l

m n

o

p

q

r

s

t

u

v

w

x

y

z

aa

25
root
suffix
whole word

root
suffix
whole word
teach
-er
 teacher

staple
-r
 stapler
bake
-r
 baker

juice
-r
 juicer
sing
-er
 singer

cop
-ier
 copier
write
-r
 writer

toast
-er
 toaster
fight
-er
 fighter

hole­­-punch
-er
 hole-puncher
paint
-er
 painter

light
-er
 lighter
play
-er
 player

sauce
-er
 saucer
work
-er
 worker

mark
-er
 marker
v

 n

n/v

 n

conclusion:
1: They have er、r and ier in common.
2:They are such as player、worker、saucer and marker.
3: Yes, they have the same suffixes. They all turn the lexical category of the root words into nouns.
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