Morphology and Syntax

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ACADEMIC YEAR 2011/2012 DECEMBER EXAMINATION UALL1113/ UALL2013 ENGLISH MORPHOLOGY AND SYNTAX ANSWERS

Q2.

Examine the words given in the box below. Cluster them and state the terms according to their respective word formation processes. An example has been done for you as in (0). Ergophobia Telemarketing Phone Biotech Pro Televise Liaison Pea Editor Sandwich Motherboard Boycott Podcast Exam Scuba Kippers Monokini Jeep Fence sitter fax

(0) (a)

PIGS, DoTA

ACRONYMS Coinage borrowing clipping backformation blending Compounding Acronyms

Ergophobia, sandwich, Boycott (b) Liaison, editor (c) Pro, phone, fax, exam (d) Pea, televise, monokini (e) Biotech, telemarketing, Podcast (f) Motherboard, Fence sitter (g) Scuba, Kippers, Jeep

Q3. This answer key consists of 6 questions on 9 printed pages.

2

Word (0)

Word Class

Affix(es)

Derivation /Inflection

Stem/Root

(0.4 m) (a) Popularity (b) Disparaging (c) Users’ N Adj N Adj Adv Adj N N

(0.4 m) -ity -ing -r/s/s’ -ly -est -ation/ -ize -s/ -ion/ re-es/ -ity/ -ive -ing

(0.4 m) Derivation Derivation Derivation/Inflection/ Inflection Derivation Inflection Derivation/ derivation Inflection/ Derivation/ Derivation Inflection/ Derivation/ Derivation Derivation

(0.4 m) Popular Disparage Use/ Users/user Imperative Important Large Socialize/ Social Reaction/ React/ Act Activity/ Active/ Act Engage

Word Class of the Stem/Root (0.4 m) Adj V N/N/N Adj Adj Adj Verb/ Adj N/ V/ V N/ Adj/ V V

(d) Imperative (e) (f) Importantly Largest

(g) Socialization (h) Reactions

(i)

Activities

N

(j)

Engaging

N

Q1.

Apply the phrase structural rules by writing out the corresponding rules for each of the sentences below in the answer booklet provided. An example has been done for you.

3

(a)

She said that she will wait for him.  NP  N’ N V C  NP  N’ N  Aux VP V P N’ N

S NP N’ VP CP S’ NP N’ VP VP VP PP NP N’

VP

CP S’ VP

VP PP NP

(b)

The naughty boy threw a stone to a puppy. S NP N’ AP N’ VP VP NP N’ PP NP N’  NP  Det AP Adj N  VP V Det N P Det N VP N’ N’

PP NP N’ NP N’

4 (c) Sam and Dean believe that Castile will save them. S  NP NP  NP NP N’ N’ N CoordPCoord NP N’ N’ N VP V CP C S’  NP NP  N’ N’ N VP  Aux VP V NP N’ N’ N VP CoordP

NP

CP S’ VP

VP NP

(d) Raphael and Kitty like butter cookie with chocolate chips. S  NP NP  NP NP N’ N’ N CoordPCoord NP N’ N’ N VP V NP NP NP N’ N’ AP AP Adj N’ N PP P NP N’ N’ AP AP Adj N’ N VP CoordP

NP

NP PP N’

NP N’

5 (e) She found that her boyfriend was cheating on her. S NP N’ VP CP S NP N’ VP VP VP PP NP N’ NP N’ N V C NP Det N Aux VP V P N’ N VP

CP S’ VP N’ VP PP NP

6 Consider the English negative prefix “in-”, which like “un-” means “not”. What are the allomorphs for the English negative prefix? Describe and illustrate which conditioning serves as the basis for the selection of the allomorphs. Allomorphs [in] [im] /iŋ/ /i/ [ir] [il] Examples Inattentive, Inexcusable Intolerable, Indefinable, innovation Impossible, imbalance, immaterial Incomplete, inglorious, incoherent Irregular, irresponsible Illegal, illiterate

Q1.

Phonological conditioning: [in] appears before vowels and alveolars [im] appears before bilabial / iŋ/ appears before velars /i/ appears before liquids, [ir] before consonant ‘r’ and [il] before consonant ‘l’

7

Q2.

Interpret and draw a tree diagram in the answer booklet for each one of the meanings which you can derive from the following sentence. The teacher beat the student with a sugar cane.

Meaning 1: The teacher used a sugar cane to beat the student S

NP

VP

Det

N’

VP

PP

N

V

NP

P

NP

Det

N’

Det

N’

N

AP

N’

Adj

N

The

teacher

beat

the

student

with

a

sugar

cane.

8 Meaning 2: The teacher beat the student who has a sugar cane with him/her. S...
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