1. Make a list of all the pros and cons you can think of
regarding your topic. You will want to choose pros
and cons on which you can elaborate. Seek an
equal number to support both sides of the
2. Think of a title for your pros and cons essay. The
title can include the words pros and cons, as in,
"The Pros and Cons of Owning a Home," or can be
titled something like, "Gun Control; Yes or NO?"
The title should clearly identify the topic of your
paper and indicate that the essay will take a pros
and cons approach.
3. Write an opening that introduces the topic of your
pros and cons essay. The introduction should give a
brief overview of the subject and present a thesis
statement that tells your audience your goal, or
what you intend to prove or disprove, by the end of
the essay. A thesis statement could be as simple as,
"While owning your own home provides a sense of
security, the cost of maintaining your home can
overshadow that security." Give readers some idea
about your stance in the introduction.
4. The body of the essay should present the pros and
cons. You should write at least a small paragraph of
elaboration for each pro and con that you present.
Some writers present pros and cons in alternating
paragraphs, which is acceptable, but this method
tends to produce the opposite effect of what the
writer intends. Rather than create a smooth flow,
presenting a pro and then shooting it down
immediately with a con tends to create a mine-is-
better-than-yours tone that leaves the readers
feeling stilted. Try presenting the argument for
pros first, then follow with the argument for the
cons. If your paper is complex, with a lot of pros
and cons, follow this pattern more than once,
writing several paragraphs for each side before
moving to the next. This gives your readers time to
digest and consider the information you present.
5. Conclude your essay by weighing both sides,
interjecting your subjective...
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