A jury trial is a mode of determining issues of fact at common law. A jury trial goes back to the middle ages where early jurors were picked from the community and were taken to trials their own knowledge of the parties at issue. Not anyone could be a jury. They had to qualify. Jury trials started in England and then brought introduced into the United States. Jury’s were used in both civil and criminal law cases.
In the nineteenth and twentieth century the system was under extreme criticism because of clogged court calendars and inadequacy of juries to deal with complicated questions outside the limits of a juror’s experience and unknown knowledge. At first only men were selected to be jurors but in practice only white men served. Now both men and woman of all ethnicity’s can be a juror.
The qualifications to serve as juror are you must be at least 18 years of age and United States citizen. You must be registered to vote or have a driver’s license. Names are chosen at random. Lawyers can ask questions and can ask a judge to excuse someone of there is a special reason like bias, prejudice or financial interest in the case. Every lawyer is allowed to eliminate a certain number of people. A juror is required to be available for three weeks unless a case in progress is continued for a longer time. Sometimes people can be excused by a judge for such reason like they are related by blood or marriage to someone I involved in the case, anyone who does not have understanding of the English language, and a judge can excuse anyone would be inconvenienced or undue hardship.
The parties to a suit present their evidence to the jury. Next a judge will give directions to the jury as to how the law applies to their findings of fact. After the jury is instructed they will deliberates and renders its verdict in the matter. In a civil case the jury will have at least six jurors but it can be up to 12. In a federal criminal trial the jury will have 12 jurors, which case...
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