Examination Misconduct in the Nigerian Universities

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EXAMINATION MISCONDUCT IN THE NIGERIAN UNIVERSITIES

BY
EZE CHINAZA .P.

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION MANAGEMENT AND POLICY
(ECONOMICS OPTION)

ANAMBRA STATE UNIVERSITY ULI
01/05/09

INTRODUCTION
Education is a very important tool in the development of an individual and consequently, of a nation. Unfortunately in Nigeria today, Education is suffering severe crisis. It is besieged by some forces like

Lack of commitment by students.
Insufficient funding by the government.
The menace of cultism, and very importantly
Examination misconduct which simply means deliberate violation of a law biding an exercise designed to examine progress or test qualification of knowledge.

WHAT IS THE STUDY ABOUT?
In this study, we shall focus on the problem of Examination misconduct in Nigerian universities. This problem of examination misconduct is rife in our society today. It has seemingly been entrenched in the psyche of most Nigerian university students that to cheat at examinations is inevitable. As a result people no longer have confidence in their ability to perform at examinations unassisted. And if eventually, there was no assistance during the examination, the next step is to go and bribe the lecturers “in cash or in kind” in order to make good grades. Consequently, incompetent graduates are been turned out into the labour market, keeping the entire country in a vicious circle of poverty, retrogression and shame.  OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

This study has been carried out to figure the reasons why
Students have no interest in studying.
Students allow the cankerworm of examination misconduct to be thriving among them.
Lecturers go ahead to collect bribe from their students so that they pass.
Some parents encourage their young ones to indulge in examination misconduct.

WHERE WAS THE STUDY CARRIED OUT?
Owing to the nature o the topic of discussion, the research was carried out in some of the universities in Nigeria because that is the target population.

TYPE OF DATA USED.
The data used for this research is a primary data which includes feedback gotten from oral interviews conducted within few universities and personal observations made from them.

WHERE THE DATA WAS FOUND
The population covered one of the universities in Nigeria which is (Imo state university). About 83 students were interviewed to know their opinion about examination misconduct in the Nigerian universities and they turned up positively. TIME OR PERIOD OF STUDY

The period of time for this study was just an interval of two months and that was from February to April 2009.

SAMPLE DESIGN
The sample design for this study is a quota sampling method which is a non-probability sampling method that is widely applied in marking the opinion research in recent time. Why this sampling method or design was used is because

It is cheap to be conducted.
It is simpler to use it when conducting a research design.
It is non-stressful.

TECHNIQUE OF DATA COLLECTION
In the course of this research work, the research conducted oral interviews; some personal observations were also made. This method of data collection was used in order to arrive at an objective conclusion about the relatively subjective feelings of the various respondents concerning examination misconduct in the Nigerian universities. Strict measures were employed so as to ensure that results from respondents are reliable and bias-free as expected.

DATA ANALYSIS
In the data analysis stage, a statistical modelling technique “chi-square model” was used as the tool for analysis which involves -table
-calculation
The chi-square is represented as x^2 =∑ (oij – εij)²
εij
Where x^2 = chi-square
oij = observed frequency
eij = expected frequency
∑ = sign of summation
The chi-square (x^2) is a non-parametric test. It measures the discrepancy existing between the observed and expected frequencies....
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