The Effects of Socio-Economic Status on Students Achievements in Biology

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CHAPTER ONE
1.0INTRODUCTION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Nigeria like any other developing countries has witnessed series of political instability with obvious effect on educational policies at federal, state and local government level. This gradually laid the foundation of fallen standard in education at the primary and secondary level which caused differential academic performance of students. In the quest of finding survival feet, the nation has evolved series of socio-economic and educational measures but these have not improved the socio-economic status of families in the country. It’s within this situation that this study examine the correlates of socio-economic status and students achievement in biology in few selected public and private schools in Ifako-ijaye Local government area of Lagos A person’s education is closely link to his chances, income, and well being (Battle & Lewis 2002).Therefore it is important to have a clear understanding of what benefits or hinders one educational attainment.

Education is the best legacy a nation can give to her citizens especially the youth. This is because the development of any nation depends largely on the quality of education of such a nation. It is generally believe that the basis of any true development must commence with the development of human resources. Much then is said that formal education remains the vehicle for social-economic development and social mobilization in any society.

Nigeria like any other developing nation has witnessed prolong military rule and civilian administration ,which necessitate the promulgation of decrees ,edicts and laws concerning education practices at federal ,state and local government levels. The inconsistent continuation of government, due to coup detal de-emphasize the continuity in the implementation of educational laws and policies since 1970s till the present time .This gradually laid the foundation of fallen standard at the primary and secondary School level (Shittu,2004).

Frequent changes of ministers and commissioners of education by successive governments coupled with the politicization of education by political parties that emerged in the country’s political scene since 1979 have also brought about the disparity in the educational practices which caused differential academic performance and classroom functioning of both teachers and students from state to state.According to Olotu(1994),in the quest of finding survival feet, the nation has evolved series of socio-economic and educational measures and policies such as structural adjustment programme (SAP),universal primary education(UPE),universal basic education (UBE),and devaluation of the Naira.

These measures have not improved the socio-economic status and educational status of families in the country. They have rather increase their sufferings and widen the socio economic gap between families. Johnson (1996) lamented that parents becomes poor due to these hard measures, such that they can no longer provide adequately for good education of their children.

Also, they could not provide shelter, clothing and special need of their children in school such as provision of text books, school uniforms and good medical care and so on.

High level of illiteracy, poverty and low socio economic status couple with high rate of paternal and maternal deprivation of students academic needs, which was necessitated by poor socio-economic situation of the country has thrown many farmers and old rural dwellers into untold financial problems such as poverty, lack of money to purchase necessary text books and working materials for their kids. Also many rural and suburban dwellers can no longer pay the school fees of their wards .These ugly situation have promoted young school students to drop out of school to engage in subsistence farming and become housemaids or engage in other menial jobs to support their academic pursuit .Hence, many student have taken school as...
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