Distinguish Between the Concepts of Job Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment and Examine the Casual Relationship Between Them.

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Distinguish between the concepts of job satisfaction and organizational commitment and examine the casual relationship between them. Employee commitment gains a highly growing interest from researches. It is considered that employee commitment has an influence on organization effectiveness. It has opportunity to forecast a diversity of organizational outcomes such as decreased turnover and absence from work, increased job performance and organizational citizenship behavior. It was shown in several studies that job satisfaction is one of the antecedents of employee commitment. The following discussion is about distinguish and relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Organizational commitment is considered as an important definition of company effectiveness and job satisfaction is a part of it. The organizational commitment mostly focuses on organizational behavior and psychology. At a main level, most of the researchers claim that definition for organization commitment is: psychological status that characterizes the relationship between employee and organization and that has significance for their decision to stay with the company. (Sumi, 2011) There are three components of organizational commitment: Affective commitment, which is showing a strong emotional attachment to the company and worker continue employment because he want to do that. As a fact, it becomes almost a nature for employee to be emotionally attached to the company and enjoy continuing membership in the company. It was identified several factors, such as job performance, job characteristics, involving in a goal setting and decision-making process, which forms an affective commitment in workers.( Sumi,2011) Continuance commitment which is showing employee attachment to organization by costs, which is related to his lost in case of leaving an organization. Employee continues to work because he needs it. (Meyer and Allen,1990) Employee could be involved to close working relationship with co-workers, personal investment such as career investment or he acquired unique skills for a particular organization which is made too costly for individual to leave the organization. (Sumi, 2011) Normative commitment – it is related to employee responsibility to continue his work. He stays at work because he must to do that. It was found that employee with higher affective commitment did their job better that employee with continuance commitment. (Meyer and Allen,1996) Employee commitment is important for the organization because of the following several factors: It is usually better predictor of turnover, highly commitment employee might perform better than less commitment employee and commitment could show one useful indicator of organization effectiveness. (Steers,1977) There are different variables such as organizational culture and subculture, measures of leadership style, job characteristics and job satisfaction which are antecedents of organizational commitment (McConnell,2003) A variable that closely related to a commitment is job satisfaction. Sense of job satisfaction and organizational characteristics have a big impact on affective and normative commitment. The concept of job satisfaction is determined as the level to which employee feels negatively or positively about his job. (Monoshree, 2012) There are three important dimensions of job satisfaction. First one, it is emotional reaction to a job situation. Second, it is how outcomes exceed expectations. The last one, some attitudes relate to work itself: possibility of promotion, pay, co-workers and supervisors, which are also very important in job satisfaction. (Luthans, 1998) Allen and Meyer (1996) showed that any worker who is affectively committed to the company will have extrinsic, intrinsic and normal job satisfaction. In case the employee shows a high level of continuance commitment, he/she will be satisfied only extrinsically. High level of normative commitment will be...
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