GURGAON DISTRICT PROFILE
The primary requirement for making disaster management plan is the reliable and upto date information about topography and socio- economic and climatic conditions of this region. This will help in identifying the areas vulnerable to environmental and manmade hazards. This chapter deals with the information on geographical aspects of Gurgaon district, its area, population distribution, climatic condition, physiographic divisions as well as geology of the district. History of problem prone activities in Gurgaon has also been mentioned to depict the picture, as to how, the district is prone to different kinds of hazards like earthquakes, flood, serial bomb blasts, industrial disasters, fire etc. Information on Socio-economic programmes e.g. literacy rate, education facility and public welfare schemes of the district are also mentioned here to show the central stage that Gurgaon has already occupied in the state called Haryana one of the most vibrant states of India.
1.1 The Need for district disaster management plan:
Gurgaon is the sixth largest city of Haryana State. For the last two decades, it has been on the faster pace of the development. And emerged as the industrial and financial hub of Haryana. Hazard Risk in Gurgaon are further compounded by increasing vulnerabilities related to the high population growth, rapid-urbanization, increasing Industrialization, rapid development within high risk seismic zone (Zone IV), environmental degradation, climate change etc. In the past, efforts had been made to solve these problems, but due to lack of proper emergency management strategy, no tangible results could be achieved. In the given circumstances, the need to have Gurgaon Disaster Management Plan (GDMP) for district is the utmost need of the hour.
1.2 Historical background :
The district has been in existence since the times of Mahabharata and was named as Guru-gram, which in course of time distorted to Gurgaon. The district is surrounded by Delhi and Rajasthan State. -1Prior to 1803 AD it remained in a
turbulent state as most of it came under the British rule through the treaty of Surji Arjungaon with Sindhiya. Later on in 1861 the district was rearranged into five tehsils Gurgaon, F.P. Jhirka, Nuh, Palwal and Rewari. Since the beginning of the twentieth century various changes have occurred in the territorial composition of the district. In 1911-192, a part of Ballabhgarh tehsil was transferred to Gurgaon district. Under the province and state order 1950, 9 villages of the district including Shahjahanpur were transferred to Rajasthan, where as the district gained with merger of Pataudi State and a transfer of its two villages from Rajasthan and 78 villages from PEPSU. On 15 August, 1979, Gurgaon district was bifurcated to form a new district Faridabad in which tehsils of Ballabhgarh and Palwal, of Gurgaon District were merged.
1.3 Location and Boundaries :
Gurgaon District falls in the Southern most region of the state of Haryana. Its headquarter is at Gurgaon. To its advantage of being situated in vicinity of Delhi, Gurgaon falls under National Capital Region. It lies in between the 27° 39 and 28° 32 25 latitude, and 76° 39 30 and 77° 20 45 longitude. Its boundary touches Rajasthan and south Delhi and it makes Gurgaon to be an important strategically located place. On its north, it is bounded by the District of Jhajjar & the union territory of Delhi; Faridabad District lies to its east. On south it shares boundaries with Mewat whereas Rewari lies in its west. 1.3.1 Administrative Division
For the purpose of general as well as developmental view, the district has been divided into the following district organizational structure: Table: 1 Gurgaon: District Organizational Structure 1. 2. 3. Sub Divisions Tehsils Blocks 3 5 4 Gurgaon(North), Gurgaon(South) and Farukh Nagar Gurgaon, Sohna, Pataudi, Farukh Nagar, & Manesar Gurgaon(36Villages/34...