Models in Curriculum Development
Curriculum development is concerned with the drawing up of plans for teaching and learning activities in classroom situations that will bring about positive changes in the lives of the learners. It is based on the school’s mission and goals and identifies ways of translating these into a coherent and coordinated program of meaningful experiences and conditions eliciting responses that will lead to the transformation of the learners into authentic, warm and sensitive human beings (Palma, 1992). Moreover, the all-important process of curriculum development has only one function, and that is, the formation of the “Ideal Graduate.” This becomes the ultimate measure of the success or failure of the total school enterprise. It should be pointed out, however, that the conception of the “Ideal Graduate” will vary since it depends on the school’s peculiar clientele, ecology and thrusts.
To know the different models of curriculum evaluation.
Specific Objectives. After reading this module, you should be able to:
1. Know and understand what is curriculum development.
2. Identify the different models in curriculum development
3. Know and understand the steps in curriculum development.
4. Answer the questions given at the last page of this module.
1. The Michaelis Model
The Michaelis model for curriculum development has been named after the principal author of the book New Designs for Elementary Curriculum and Instruction (2nd ed., 1975), by John U. Michaelis. His co-authors were Ruth H. Grossman and Lloyd F. Scott. Although their book is oriented to the elementary level, this model for curriculum development may be adapted to the secondary and tertiary levels.
The Michaelis model includes the components generally recognized as essential to curriculum development. It is designed for use in two ways. First, it may serve as a guide to the... [continues]
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