Cultural Geography Modeling and Analysis in Helmand Province

Only available on StudyMode
  • Topic: Helmand Province, International Security Assistance Force, Health care
  • Pages : 19 (5455 words )
  • Download(s) : 120
  • Published : March 10, 2013
Open Document
Text Preview
Provincial Development Plan, Helmand : Provincial Profile

HELMAND

1. PROVINCIAL PROFILE

Source: UNDSS Provincial Assessment provided by UNAMA

I. GENERAL INFORMATION A. Geography
Helmand Province is located in the south-west of Afghanistan, bordered by Paktya, Ghor, Daikundy, and Uruzgan in the North-East, Kandahar in the East, Nimroz in the West, and Farah in the North-West. It also has a southern border with Pakistan. The Helmand River is the largest river running through the province, from Baghran district in the north of the province to the fishhook of the Helmand River running west into Nimroz province then into Iran. Except for the mountainous northern reaches of the province which experience heavy snowfalls in winter, Helmand is a desert plateau with rocky outcrops of up to 1,000 metres. The province covers an area of 61,829 km2, representing about 9% of the total Afghan territory. More than a quarter of the province (28.9%) is mountainous or semi mountainous terrain while above three-fifths of the area (61%) is made up of flat land, as the following table shows:

Topography Type by District
District Flat Mountainous Semi Mountainous Semi Flat Not Reported

Page 1 of 13

Provincial Development Plan, Helmand : Provincial Profile

Total 61.0%

15.8%

13.1%

9.7%

.4%

Source: CSO/UNFPA Socio Economic and Demographic Profile

The province is divided into 13 districts. The provincial capital is Lashkargah which has a population of about 201,546 inhabitants.

B. Demography and Population
Helmand has a total population of 1,441,769. There are 189,552 households in the province and each household on average has 9 members. The following table shows the population by district:

Population by District
District Lashkargah-Helmand Centre Nahr-i-Saraj Nad Ali Nawa-i-Barikzayi Garm Ser Sangin Qala Kajaki Baghran Musa Qala Nawzad Washeer Reg-i-khan Nishin Dishu Total Total Population 201,546 166,827 235,590 89,814 107,153 66,901 119,023 129,947 138,896 108,258 31,476 17,333 29,005 1,441,769

Source: CSO/UNFPA Socio Economic and Demographic Profile

Around 94% of the population of Helmand lives in rural districts while 6% lives in urban areas. Around 51% of the population is male and 49% is female. The population is largely Pashtun, although there is a significant minority made up of Balochi tribes. Pashtu is spoken by 92% of the population. The second most frequent language is Dari, spoken by the majority of residents in 75 villages representing 4.4% of the population, followed by Balochi which is the majority language in 28 villages. Helmand province also has a population of Kuchis or nomads whose numbers vary in different seasons. In winter 95,325 individuals, or 4% of the overall Kuchi population, stay in Helmand living in 49 communities. Nearly one in five of these (17%) are short-range partially migratory, and more than three in five (63%) are long-range partially migratory. Overall, for both categories, 20% of the community is settled. In the winter the long-range migratory Kuchi stay mostly in one location and don’t move around during the season. In the summer season, all of the short-range migratory communities that move to Garm Ser, Nishin, and Lashkargah districts belong to the Balochi tribes, while the Pashtun tribes are predominantly long-range migratory and travel mostly to Ghor, Ghazni, and Zabul provinces.

Page 2 of 13

Provincial Development Plan, Helmand : Provincial Profile

C. Institutional framework
In total the government employs 4,363 people in Helmand province. As the table below shows, 66% of these are employees and 34% are contract workers, 94% of government workers are men and 6% are women: Number of Government Employees Male 1,345 Contract workers 2,764 Employees 4,109 Total Workers Source: CSO Afghanistan Statistical Yearbook 2006 Female 118 136 254 Total 1,463 2,900 4,363

In addition, each province has a Provincial Development Committee (PDC) which...
tracking img