Corruption in India

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  • Topic: Political corruption, Transparency International, Corruption Perceptions Index
  • Pages : 36 (12361 words )
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  • Published : February 22, 2011
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DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT (LSM)

TERM PAPER OF

BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

ON

CORRUPTION IN INDIA-STATUS AND SOLUTIONS

SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY:

MR. SANJAY JINDAL SALEEM ANWAR
(MBA-IT) ROLL NO: A 06 SECTION: RS-1906

REG.NO:10900151

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

The successful completion of any task would be incomplete without mentioning the people who have made it possible. So it`s with the gratitude that I acknowledge the help, which crowned my efforts with success.

Life is a process of accumulating and discharging debts, not all of those can be measured. We cannot hope to discharge them with simple words of thanks but we can certainly acknowledge them.

I owe my gratitude to Mr.Sanjay Jindal Lect. LSM for his constant guidance and support.

I would also like to thank the various department officials and staff who not only provided me with required opportunity but also extended their valuable time and I have no words to express my gratefulness to them.

Last but not the least I am very much indebted to my family and friends for their warm encouragement and moral support in conducting this project work.

SALEEM ANWAR

Table of Contents
EXECTIVE SUMMARY4
INTRODUCTION6
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY8
Literature Review9
HISTORY11
CORRUPTION IN INDIA12
HOW MUCH WE LOSE ON CORRUPTION15
CORRUPTION INDIAS ENEMY16
EVILS ASSOCIATED WITH CORRUPTION17
WHOM TO BLAME18
WHO ARE RESPONSIBLE20
BIG BUEROCRACY STILL CORRUPTION21
THE ROLE MODELS22
INDIA RANKED 84TH IN CORRUPTION INDEX23
Causes of corruption24
CORRUPTION KEEPS INDIA POOR26
EFFECTS OF CORRUPTION29
EFFECTS ON POLITICS, ADMINISTRATION, AND INSTITUTIONS29
ECONOMIC EFFECTS29
ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL EFFECTS30
OTHER AREAS: HEALTH, PUBLIC SAFETY, EDUCATION, TRADE UNIONS ETC.30 SOLUTION TO CORRUPTION32
FEW POINTS TO MAKE INDIA, A CORRUPTION FREE COUNTRY.33
CONCLUSION35
BIBLIOGRAPHY36

EXECTIVE SUMMARY

Over five thousand citizens of India were interviewed in the house to house survey carried out to assess the citizens perceptions on corruption prevalent in ten sectors, Education, Health, Police (Law & Order), Power, Telephone (Communication), Railways (Transport), Land & Building Administration, Judiciary, Taxation and Ration (Public distribution system). An estimated sum of Rupees (Rs.) 26,768 crores are extracted from citizens who interact with these ten sectors. Lower strata with lower earnings are hit harder due to corruption. As per perception of the people, Police is the most corrupt sector. However, the impact of corruption is on a much larger scale in the Health and Education Sectors involving far greater number of population. Corruption in Health and Education deprives people of these basic facilities and affects human development. These are, co-relates of Human Development. Cross country data of 102 countries show that there is a high rank correlation (0.788) as well as coefficient of correlation (0.766) between Human Development Index (HDI) and Corruption Perception Index (CPI). Countries with low scores in CPI have low HDI. Many avenues of corruption cannot be dealt with under the Prevention of Corruption Act,1988. In many cases the citizen is not even aware that the practices can be classified as corrupt (eg., When patients are directed to specific pathological laboratories for conduct of tests). Citizens are resentful of the existence of corruption and are willing to talk about it openly. Formation of interest groups of citizens interacting with various...
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