Community And Population Health Task 1
San Diego County
April 19, 2013
San Diego County is in Southern California. Mountains, beaches and deserts are all within an hour’s drive from anywhere in the county. San Diego is the second largest city in California measuring 4200 square miles. Average temperatures are 60-80 degrees Fahrenheit year round. (Wikipedia, 2013) We have warm dry summers and mild winters with relatively low rainfall averages (when compared to other cities) of 10-14 inches. Air quality in San Diego is ranked as good to moderate. San Diego’s drinking water is poor, ranking 9th of 10 cities with the worst drinking water in the nation. (County of San Diego Public Health Services, 2013) In 2011 population of the city of San Diego was 1,113,516 people with 50.5% males and 49.5% females. The birth rate per 1000 people from 2000-2006 was 15.6. The death rate per 1000 people from 2000-2006 was 6.8. There are about 4,000 people per square mile in the urban parts of San Diego County. The median age is 33.6 years old. San Diego’s population consists of 45.1% white, 28.8% Hispanic, 15.6% Asian, and 6.3% black. Out of those over 15 years of age, 35% are single, 47.5% are married, and 17.5% are separated, widowed or divorced. The population went up by 1.11 million in 1990 and 1.22 million in 2000. 54% are democrats, 44% are republicans. The median household income in 2009 was $59,901. Out of those over 25 years old, 82.8% have at least a high school diploma , 35% have a Bachelor’s degree, and 13.4% have a Graduate degree. Unemployment in 2010 was at 6.1%. The largest employer in San Diego County is the Department of Defense (City data website, 2013). Approximately 13% of San Diego County residents live below the poverty line. The number of people collecting food stamps in San Diego County went from 83,000 in 2006 to 237,000 in 2012. (The Voice of San Diego website, 2012). San Diego has the third largest homeless population in the country, after New York City and Los Angeles. (Cruise, P., 2012) San Diego has an active tourist industry because of it’s beautiful weather, beaches, and many attractions. (Wikipedia, 2013). 43.7% people living in San Diego County belong to a religious group, which is below the national rate of 50.2%. Of that 43.7% are Christian, 67.5% are Catholic, 5.7% are Jewish, and 3.8% Mormon. Crime rates in San Diego are below the national level. Crime follows a bell curve between 1999 and 2011, most peaking between 2003 and 2006. Most crimes have been declining since 2006. (City Data web site, 2013). San Diego County has 50 fire departments serving each city. (Fire departments website, 2013). San Diego County’s earthquake activity is 929% higher than the rest of the United States. San Diego County has organized emergency/disaster teams, pre -arranged evacuation plans, and wild fire preparedness plans in place. (County of San Diego public safety website, 2013). Although there are many resources available to San Diegans regarding emergencies, many residents still are not fully prepared. (American Red Cross, 2013) San Diego has many healthcare and a couple community based hospitals including Palomar Pomerado Health where I work as an RN. Over 27,000 San Diego County residents lost health insurance in 2009 and 2010 which is an average of 17-18% of the community without insurance. Obesity and physical inactivity cost California $41 billion in healthcare and productivity loss in 2006. One in four children in San Diego County is overweight or obese; this is slightly higher than the national average. Walking and biking have decreased more than 40% during the past 3 decades, partly because of unsafe routes and poor walking conditions. ("San diego county," 2013) Data Interpretation
To summarize the data shown above, San Diego is a healthy city and a desirable place to live. San Diego has many...
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