History and Purpose
San Diego is a coastal Southern California city located in the southwestern corner of the continental United States. In 2006, the city's population was estimated to be 1,256,951. It is the second largest city in California and the eighth largest city in the United States, by population. It is the county seat of San Diego County and is the economic center of the San Diego–Carlsbad–San Marcos metropolitan area, the 17th-largest in the United States with a population of 2.9 million as of 2006, and the 21st-largest metropolitan area in the Americas when including Tijuana. San Diego County lies just north of the Mexican border—sharing a border with Tijuana—and lies south of Orange County. It is home to miles of beaches, a mild Mediterranean climate and 16 military facilities hosting the United States Navy, the United States Coast Guard and the United States Marine Corps. The University of California, San Diego (UCSD) and the affiliated UCSD Medical Center combined with nearby research institutes in the Torrey Pines area of La Jolla make the area influential in biotechnology research. San Diego's economy is largely composed of agriculture, biotechnology/biosciences, computer sciences, electronics manufacturing, defense-related manufacturing, financial and business services, ship-repair and construction, software development, telecommunications, and tourism. After being discovered by Portuguese explorers sailing under the Spanish flag Juan Rodrigues Cabrillo named the area San Miguel (estimated year: 1499-1543). It wasn’t until 1602 that San Diego got its namesake. Spain sent mapper Sebastian Vizcaino to map the California coast and he named the area after the Catholic Saint, Didacus. Didacus was more commonly referred to as San Diego. Demographics:
When studying a particular budget, specifically of a city, it is very essential to get a feel for the demographics of an area. As of the census of 2000, there were 1,223,400 people, 450,691 households, and 271,315 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,771.9 people per square mile. Population by race/ethnicity:
Hispanic/Latino (25.4%) - includes White Hispanic (11%) •
Other Race (0.2%)
Asian, Hawaiian and Pacific Islander alone (13.9%)
American Indian/Alaska Native alone (0.4%)
There were 451,126 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.6% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.8% were non-families. 28.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.30. In the city the population was spread out with 24.0% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 34.0% from 25 to 44, 19.1% from 45 to 64, and 10.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 101.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.4 males. I think by looking at the population statistics you can get a feel for what the budget will be geared toward. As you can tell by the population, San Diego is a very young city in terms of age of residence. I think that this puts a different spin on the items within the budget and what is important to the city when making up the fiscal year expenditures. Policy Goals
The City of San Diego annually allocates funding for the construction of various capital facilities to provide public improvements for the health and safety of its citizens, and to improve the quality of urban life. This allocation is established through the Capital Improvements Program or CIP.
The Capital Improvements Program is an important vehicle in managing growth, and in implementing the City’s Progress Guide and General Plan and community plans.
Budget Process/Type and Political Conflict...
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