COMMUNICATION -AN INTRODUCTION

Topics: Communication, Message Pages: 7 (2363 words) Published: November 4, 2013
Definitions of communication
The word communication is derived from the Latin word ‘Communus’, which means ‘common’. It is a process of exchange of facts, ideas, and opinions. It is a means by whuch individuals or organizations share meaning and understanding with another. In other words it is the transmission and interaction of facts, ideas, opinions, feelings and attitudes. Thus the exact meaning of the word communication is ‘to share’ or ‘to participate’. The dictionaries say that communication is the transmission of a message or information by speaking or writing. Another dictionary declares that communication is giving or exchanging information, signals, messages by talk or gestures or writing •According to G.G. Brown Communication is defined as transfer of information from one person to another, whether or not it elicits confidence. But the information transferred must be understandable to the receiver. •According to Fred G. Meyer “Communication is the exchange of ideas, opinions by words, letters or messages”-. Thus holistically communication is defined as “giving, receiving or exchanging ideas, information, signals or messages through appropriate media, enabling individuals or groups to persuade, to seek information, to give information or to express emotions” 1“Communication is the verbal interchange of thought or idea” (Hoben, 1954). 2“Communication is the process by which we understand others and in turn endeavor to be understood by them. It is dynamic, constantly changing and shifting in response to the total situation” (Anderson, 1959). 3“Interaction, even on the biological level, is a kind of communication; otherwise common acts could not occur” (Mead, reprinted 1963). 4“Communication arises out of the need to reduce uncertainty, to act effectively, to defend or strengthen the ego” (Barnlund, 1964). 5“Communication: the transmission of information, idea, emotion, skills, etc., by the use of symbols-words, pictures, figures, graphs, etc. It is the act or process of transmission that is usually called communication” (Berelson and Steiner, 1964). 6“The connecting thread appears to be the idea of something’s being transferred from one thing, or person, to another. We use the word ‘communication’ sometimes to refer to what is so transferred, sometimes to the means by which it is transferred, sometimes to the whole process. In many cases, what is transferred in this way continues to be shared; if I convey information to another person, it does not leave my own possession through coming into his. Accordingly, the word ‘communication’ acquires also the sense of participation. It is in this sense, for example, that religious worshipers are said to communicate” (Ayer, 1955). 7“Communication is the process that links discontinuous parts of the living world to one another” (Ruesch, 1957). 8“It (communication) is a process that makes common to two or several what was the monopoly of one or some” (Gode, 1959). 9“The means of sending military messages, orders, etc., as by telephone, telegraph, radio, couriers” (American College Dictionary). 10“Communication is the process of conducting the attention of another person for the purpose of replicating memories” (Carrier and Harwood, 1953). 11“Communication is the discriminatory response of an organism to a stimulus” (Stevens, 1950). 12“Every communication act is viewed as a transmission of information, consisting of a discriminative stimuli, from a source to a recipient” (Newcomb, reprinted 1966). 13“In the main, communication has as its central interest those behavioral situations in which a source transmits a message to a receiver(s) with conscious intent to affect the latter’s behaviors” (Miller, 1966). 14“The communication process is one of transition from one structured situation-as-a-whole to another, in preferred design” (Sondel, 1956). 15“Communication is the mechanism by which power is exerted” (Schacter, 1951). Communication Misconceptions:

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