C. Background of Study
Communication is the exchange of thoughts, messages, or information, as by speech, signals, writing, or behavior. Derived from the Latin word "communis", meaning to share. Communication requires a sender, a message, and a recipient, although the receiver need not be present or aware of the sender's intent to communicate at the time of communication; thus communication can occur across vast distances in time and space. Communication requires that the communicating parties share an area of communicative commonality. The communication process is complete once the receiver has understood the message of the sender. The tool of communication is language. Language is a define as a system of sounds, words, patterns, etc used by human to communicate thoughts and feelings. (Hornby, 1974:699). So, language is used by people to express their ideas and feelings about something in order to have a good communication. Language is human and non-instinctive method of communicating ideas, feelings and desires by means of a system of sound and sound symbols (Hornby, 1974: 473). It means language is an instrument to express idea from the mind. Language can be used to get information about what people mean. By language, people can express their mind and their wish and get more information or some knowledge from the world. Without language, people cannot communicate with others. Communication is the most important function of language. There are languages in the world. Every country has own language even in a country has many languages. Because of differences in state language with each other and even regions with each other country it creates a language that is used in national and international communication.
English is the language used in international communication. Someone must able to speak English well if want be able to communicate with other nations. In the English language which is an important aspect is how they pronounce the word correctly so that people can understand what we mean. The main basic skill in language learning is speaking because speaking is the final goal of language learning.
D. Identification Problem
When people speak, they would convey the meaning of what they are talking about. One must be able to speak properly when they will deliver the message in different languages especially English. Someone must able to learn the ability to speak properly in accordance with the language being studied.
E. Limitation of the Problem
Because of the limited time and ability, the writer will focus only at fifth grade English Education students in Ahmad Dahlan University.
F. Formulation of the Problem
The writer formulates the problems of this study as follows: 1. Why do students majoring in English are still difficulties in speaking ability? 2. What are causes students majoring in English language difficult to develop speaking ability?
G. Objective of the Study
Based on the problem statement above, the writer has following objectives: 1. To find out the reason why students majoring in English still difficulties in speaking ability. 2. To find out the reason why students majoring in English is difficult to develop speaking ability.
H. Significance of the Study
The writer hopes that this study has some significance to the following parties: 1. For the student
By the result of the research, student can be able to speaking English and develop the speaking English skill well. 2. For the teachers
A teacher can know why the student still difficulties in speaking ability and can teach speaking English skill accordance with the results obtained from this research.
I. Review of the Related Research
This chapter is concerned with theories and references related to language, the effort of English teacher and the speaking ability....