The Bureau of Corrections (Kawanihan ng
mga Bilangguan, literally "Bureau of Prisons",
which was the old name of the agency from
1905 to 1989; abbreviated BuCor)
is an agency of the Department of
Justice which is charged with the custody and
rehabilitation of national offenders, who have
been sentenced to three years
of imprisonment or more.
- Protect the public and prevent crimes in
partnership with stakeholders by providing
persons under custody opportunities for
reformation, decent environment and secure
- Improved national prisons conductive to the
reformation and rehabilitation of inmates that
will bring them back into the mainstream of
society as useful.
- Corrections service compliant
helping enhance public safety
in the Philippines.
Effective safekeeping and
The Old Bilibid Prison which was located on
Oroquieta Street in Manila was established in
1847 and by a Royal Decree formally opened
on April 10, 1866.
On August 21, 1870 the San Ramon Prison and
Penal Farm was established in Zamboanga
City for Muslim and political prisoners opposed
to the rule of Spain.
Iuhit penal Settlement now known as Iwahig Prison and
Penal Farm was established in 1904 by the Americans in 28,072 hectares of land. The land areas expanded to 40,000 hectares in the late 1950s. and expanded again to 41,007 hectares by
virtue of Executive Order No. 67 issued by Governor Newton
Gilbert on October 15, 1912.
Bureau of Prisons was created under the Reorganization
Act of 1905 as an agency under the Department of Commerce
and Police. The Reorganization Act also re-established the San Ramon Prison in 1907 which was destroyed during the SpanishAmerican War in 1888. The prison was placed under the Bureau of Prisons and receive prisoners in Mindanao.
The Correctional Institution for Women was founded on
November 27, 1929 by virtue of Act No. 3579 as the first and only prison for women in the Philippines. Later, on January 21, 1932, the bureau opened the Davao Penal Colony in
The New Bilibid Prison was established in 1935
in Mutinlupa due to the increased rate of prisoners.
Proclamation No. 72 issued on September 26, 1954,
established the Sablayan Prison and Penal Farm in Occidental Mindoro, and the Leyte Regional Prison was established on
January 16, 1973, under Proclamation No. 1101.
The Administrative Code of 1987 and
Proclamation No. 495, issued on
November 22, 1989, changed the
agency's name to the current Bureau
of Corrections from Bureau of Prisons.
The logo presented
here, is symbolic
of the Bureau's
Power and Function
1. Safe keep prisoners convicted by courts three (3)
years and one (1) day and above to serve sentence in
Keep prisoners from committing crimes while in
Provide inmates basic needs as human being.
Ensure rehabilitation programs are made available to
the inmates for their physical, intellectual and
Develop livelihood programs to assist inmates earn a
living and develop their skills while in prisons.
BuCor shall be headed by the Director who shall assisted
three (3) Deputy Directors
Deputy Directors for Administration
Deputy Directors for Security and Operations
Deputy Directors for Reformation
All of whom shall be appointed by the President upon the
recommendation of the Secretary of the DOJ: Provided
Director and the Duputy Directors of the BuCor shall serve
of duty not to exceed six (6) years from the date of
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