Jeanette M. Patterson
University of Phoenix
Abstract: Based on the ideals of a penitentiary, what it should be like? What was the principal goal of a penitentiary? What were the differences between the two prison models? What were the benefits and drawbacks of each model? Which model was considered to be the winning model?
There are two types of buildings that help keep people in line. One is the jail cell, the other is the penitentiary. A jail is almost for short term offenders whilst a penitentiary is for those who are repeat offenders and who do major crime. The penitentiary was meant for the rehabilitation and reform of prisoners; it was also meant to make the communities feel more secure about the world around them. What are Penitentiaries Like?
Penitentiaries in today’s society are like resorts compared to those of the 1800s and before. “Beginning in the eighteenth century, British society started to move away from corporal punishment and toward imprisonment with the hope of reforming the mind and body” (Jackson, 1997). Most prisoners today receive three square meals a day, recreation time for about an hour, relatively clean facilities, and no need to maintain utilities. Which everything is taken care of by the taxpayers? In opinion the prisoners should have to work for their punishment, not freeload. “Prisons are often seen as “the punishment”, “the default sanction” although the other kinds of punishment are only alternatives. In our individual, rational and secular society, the deprivation of liberty is the most severe punishment” (Giroux, 2011). Principal Goal of the Penitentiary
The initial goal of the penitentiary is to reform or rehabilitate offenders and repeat offenders. After being locked down in solitary, many of the eighty men committed suicide or had mental breakdowns. Auburn reverted to a strict disciplinary approach. The champion of discipline and first national figure in Prison Reform was Louis Dwight....