CJ 323-101: Corrections
October 23rd, 2012
You may ask what is the Federal Bureau of Prisons. Well the Federal Bureau of Prison was established within the Department of Justice and charged with the management and regulation of all of the federal penal and correctional institutions. “This responsibility covered the administration of the 11 Federal prisons in operation at the time.” (“Federal Bureau of,”) With time passing and laws changing the bureaus responsibilities has grown, as well as the populations of the prisons. At the end of 1930, the agency operated 14 facilities with just over 13,000 inmates in them. By 1940 the agency had grown to 24 facilities with 24,360 inmates. Between the 1940s’ thru the 80’s the numbers of inmates did not really change. However thought the number of facilities almost doubled from 24 to 44. They also moved from larger facilities with many security levels to smaller facilities with similar security needs. “The Sentencing Reform Act of 1984 established determinate sentencing, abolished parole, and reduced good time; additionally, several mandatory minimum sentencing provisions were enacted in 1986, 1988, and 1990.” (“Federal Bureau of,”) As a result of federal law enforcement efforts and new legislation that dramatically change sentencing in the federal criminal justice system. The 1980s brought an amazing increase in the number of federal inmates. From 1980 to 1989, the inmate population more than doubled, from just over 24,000 to almost 58,000. During the 1990s, the population more than doubled again, reaching close to 136,000 at the end of 1999. Efforts to combat illegal drugs and illegal immigration contributed to the increased conviction rates.
With the Federal Bureau of Prisons there are different job opportunities and job descriptions. Mainly while looking at it there are 3 main categories in this agency. There is General Schedule careers, Health Care careers,...