Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth ~ 19 years. Aspects of a child and young person’s development include: vPhysical development: Gross motor skills (using large muscles such as arms and legs), fine motor skills (precise use of muscles such as hands and fingers). vSocial and Emotional: This is the development of a child’s identity and self image, the development of relationships and learning the skills of living in society. vIntellectual/communication: Learning the skills of understanding, communicating with others. As every child grows at a different rate to each other so do other aspects of their personal development ~ therefore this is just a rough guide to a child and young person development.
Social and Emotional behaviour from 0~19years:
vFrom birth a baby can respond to touch and sound, will recognise a parent or carers voice and will stare at bright shiny objects. Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by 4 months can vocalise by ‘cooing’ and ‘babbling. From 6 months old an infant will become more interested in social interaction, although that depends on the amount of time spent with other children and his/hers personality, they will also have a fear of strangers and distress at the separation of a parent or carer. By the time they are 9 months old an infant can recognise familiar and unfamiliar faces. From 1 year ‘temper tantrums’ may have begun. They become more demanding and assertive and can express rage at being told ‘no’, they have no idea of sharing and a strong sense of ‘mine’. vFrom 2~4 years a child is learning to be separated from a parent or carer for short periods of time i.e.: nursery or playgroup which then gives them more social awareness. Some will play in groups of 2 or 3 and will be able to share ideas. Most children between this age group may have close friends and will still play with both genders. vBy 4~7 a child should have started school and will be able to enjoy their independence although still needing comfort and reassurance. By now a good sense of self awareness (both positive and negative) will have been developed. These include fears such as ‘things under the bed’ and ‘ghosts’. Children around this age are able to form firm friendships and have begun to play in separate *** groups, they are fairly confident and know the difference between right and wrong. v7~11 year olds are by now starting to understand more about the world and where they belong. Their friendships become very important and are mostly of the same ***. Children of this age become concerned of what people think of them and can often become unsure about changes in settings. Strong signs of independence from parents and family also start to show. vFrom the age of 11~16 a young person will be going through a huge transition in his/her life (both physically and mentally). Their bodies are starting to change which can affect self esteem and confidence, peer pressure can become a significant influence. Young adolescents become more independent and want to spend more time with friends than family. Mood swings and confrontation become more apparent and the opposite *** becomes of more interest. Between this age a young person could start to think about their future and what they could achieve. vBetween the ages of 16~19 a young person will have developed more of an understanding about life, will be able to give good reasons for their choices and express their own views. Relationships with their parents will have improved although they will still want to spend more time with their friends. As adolescents become more aware of their strengths and weaknesses and will have started to create their own personal identity in society.
Physical Development from 0~19 years (Gross and Fine Motor Skills) vAs a newborn, infants are showing signs of physical development. They can move their head and limbs, will start to grasp fingers and if held in an upright...