Aspects of Development from Birth to 19 Years

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Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth ~ 19 years. Aspects of a child and young person’s development include: vPhysical development: Gross motor skills (using large muscles such as arms and legs), fine motor skills (precise use of muscles such as hands and fingers). vSocial and Emotional: This is the development of a child’s identity and self image, the development of relationships and learning the skills of living in society. vIntellectual/communication: Learning the skills of understanding, communicating with others. As every child grows at a different rate to each other so do other aspects of their personal development ~ therefore this is just a rough guide to a child and young person development.

Social and Emotional behaviour from 0~19years:
vFrom birth a baby can respond to touch and sound, will recognise a parent or carers voice and will stare at bright shiny objects. Even from a few months old they will smile and engage with their carer and by 4 months can vocalise by ‘cooing’ and ‘babbling. From 6 months old an infant will become more interested in social interaction, although that depends on the amount of time spent with other children and his/hers personality, they will also have a fear of strangers and distress at the separation of a parent or carer. By the time they are 9 months old an infant can recognise familiar and unfamiliar faces. From 1 year ‘temper tantrums’ may have begun. They become more demanding and assertive and can express rage at being told ‘no’, they have no idea of sharing and a strong sense of ‘mine’. vFrom 2~4 years a child is learning to be separated from a parent or carer for short periods of time i.e.: nursery or playgroup which then gives them more social awareness. Some will play in groups of 2 or 3 and will be able to share ideas. Most children between this age group may have close friends and will still play with both genders. vBy 4~7 a child should have started school and will be...
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