1. Physiological needs deal with what the body needs, such as hunger, water, sleep, temperature, rest, sunlight, and homeostasis. Psychological deals with matters of the mind, such as emotions, feeling good, normalcy, confidence, happiness—things that help you feel normal or level. If you have positive experiences, physiological arousal will result, which is called eustress. Whereas one may feel a sense of psychological equilibrium if tension and drive has been reduced or eliminated. Homeostasis is the physiological need for balance. It requires a balance of food intake, water consumption, activity, sleep, and sexual needs. Thus, we are motivated when these internal needs are being met. We are psychologically motivated when we want something or feel good.
Today in a staff meeting I felt an array of both physiological arousal and psychological arousal. Typically, our meetings are long and arduous. They are held right smack in the middle of lunch time, and if I do not eat I get irritable and dispassionate. So already, I am in semi state of distress in anticipation of the events to come. My psychological needs, that I am aware of, consist of being heard, being listened to, be smart, and helping others. We are in the midst of re-creating and overhauling our treatment program, because we have a new director. I have had two cups of coffee too much, but gulped them down anyhow, knowing it will increase my arousal.
As the meeting ensues, my palms are sweaty, my heart is pounding, and my muscles are tense. Physiologically I am unbalanced, and it usually worsens. People say stupid things that do not make sense, others jeopardize the time with meaningless attention seeking behavior, and I am engulfed in tense arousal because not only am I not getting my psychological needs met, my sympathetic nervous system has kicked in.
2. Arousal means energy to move toward an action. It is produced by an interaction of...