1. THEORIES OF MOTIVATION2
1.2 WHAT IS MOTIVATION?2
1.3 DEFINING MOTIVATION3
2.0. PROCESS OF MOTIVATION4
2.1 MOTIVATING DIFFERENT PEOPLE IN DIFFERENT WAYS6
2.2 DIFFERENCE BETWEEN MOTIVATION, SATISFACTION, INSPIRATION AND MANIPULATION6
3.0 THEORIES OF MOTIVATION AND ITS IMPLICATIONS TO TANZANIA WORKING ORGANIZATIONS.7
3.1. ABRAHAM MASLOW’S “NEED HIERARCHY THEORY”:7
3.2. APPLYING MASLOW’S NEEDS HIERARCHY – BUSINESS MANAGEMENT IMPLICATIONS IN TANZANIA;9
3.3. FREDERICK HERZBERG’S MOTIVATION-HYGIENE THEORY – (TWO FACTORS THEORY)10
3.4. IMPLICATION OF HERTZBERG’S TWO FACTOR THEORY IN TODAY’S BUSINESS MANAGEMENT12
1. THEORIES OF MOTIVATION
Nearly all the conscious behavior of human being is motivated. The internal needs and drives lead to tensions, which in turn result into actions. The need for food results into hunger and hence a person is motivated to eat. A manager requires creating and maintaining an environment in which individuals work together in groups towards the accomplishment of common objectives. A manager cannot do a job without knowing what motivates people. The building of motivating factors into organizational roles, the staffing of these roles and the entire process of leading people must be built on knowledge of motivation. It is necessary to remember that level of motivation varies both between individuals and within individuals at different times. Today in the increasingly competitive environment maintaining a highly motivated workforce is the most challenging task. The art of motivation starts by learning how to influence the behavior of the individual. This understanding helps to achieve both, the individual as well as organizational objectives. Motivation is a powerful tool in the hands of leaders. It can persuade convince and propel people to act. 1.2 WHAT IS MOTIVATION?
It is a general tendency to believe that motivation is a personal trait. Some people have it and the others don’t. In practice, some are labeled to be lazy because they do not display an outward sign of motivation. However, individuals differ in their basic motivational drives. It also depends upon their areas of interest. The concept of motivation is situational and its level varies between different individuals and at different times. If you understand what motivates people, you have at your command the most powerful tool for dealing with them. In my view, every person has different motivations for working. The reasons for working are as individual as the person. But, we all work because we obtain something that we need from work. The something we obtain from work impacts our morale and motivation and the quality of our lives.
Whatever your personal reasons for working, the bottom line, however, is that almost everyone works for money. Whatever you call it: compensation, salary, bonuses, benefits or remuneration, money pays the bills. Money provides housing, gives children clothing and food, sends teens to college, and allows leisure activities, and eventually, retirement. To underplay the importance of money and benefits as motivation for people who work is a mistake. A good example is applied to me, whereby I am serving the position of Systems Administrator in my office. but since my office is paying me well including allowances, I really motivated myself, I have a knowledge of variety issues, I am performing administration duties to master pre-students, management duties as well as accounting duties., My boss really appreciate what I do, not only that but also my boss has a good attitude towards me he does not command someone in any way. He needs someone to control himself/herself and get feedback of what you have done. Another thing is he gives me the chance to develop my career at Mzumbe University. I really...