Motivation is a key element in the workplace and it is very important to know the basic theory methods and application because it is something that is unavoidable for all of us and will come up in any workplace environment. It is a necessary skill for a future manager or leader to know how to motivate other people in order to work more efficient. Though this project I have become familiar with the subject and realize the importance of motivation.
Motivating employees is a key issue for all managers. In order to achieve a higher level of performance and productivity, managers today are inclined to pay more attention on this issue. Different employees need different types of motivation. This assignment will first look at the different characteristics of professional workers and help the lower level contingent workers. It will also address the different motivations that are generally used by managers toward these groups. And then, by applying a set of motivation theories, I will explain why managers should use different methods.
Motivation Methods and Applications
The main question that managers are facing in an organization is motivation, how it works, when to apply and to whom they should apply it to. Motivation reflects how productive things get done within the work organizations. Since motivation influences productivity supervisors need to understand who motivates employees to reach their peak performance. Motivation is a conscious decision to perform one or more activities with a great effort. It is the set of attitudes and values that helps a person to act in a specific goal that is directed in a manner that affects his or her direction, intensity and persistence of voluntary behavior. Motivated behaviors are voluntary choices that are controlled by the individual employee. The supervisor who is known as the motivator wants to influence the factors that motivate employees to higher levels of productivity to help the organization. When people get motivated, they have a reason to put more efforts to their job. Motivation is a very crucial management tool in lifting the organization’s work force’s ability. With an organization the desired goals are clearly defined. With motivation a manager seeks to change or maintain certain environmental factors so it can influence the inner drives which may change to sustain the behaviors of his or her employees. They key challenge in terms of motivation is how to encourage workers to give their inputs about their jobs and to the organization. Managers want workers to be motivated to contribute inputs such as effects, specific job behaviors, skills, knowledge, and time and experience because the inputs help their job performance and their organizational performance. In an organization, different employees have different needs. One explanation of human motivation focuses on the content of the employee’s needs. The content approach to motivation focuses on the assumption that individuals are motivated by the desire to fulfill inner needs. Content theories focus on the needs that motivate people. Need are deficiencies that energize or trigger behaviors to satisfy everyone’s needs. Maslow identified five human needs that motivate people as physiological needs, security needs, social needs, self-esteem needs, and self-actualization needs. The five needs are arranged and divided into two levels and they are: the higher and lower orders. Maslow’s theory helps managers to identify the needs of professional workers and contingent workers. The most powerful employee need is on that has not been satisfied. According to Maslow’s theory, unsatisfied needs are the prime motivators of behaviors, and needs to the lowest level are over the needs at the higher level. At any certain time, however only one set of needs motivates behavior. Once the need is satisfied, then the individual will try to satisfy the next level. Salary and working...